Деловой климат в розничной торговле в Москве и Московской области во II квартале 2012 года
The article covers issues of effectiveness of working capital management of a trading enterprise on the basis of the automated planning. This approach gives the possibility to use the classical methods of optimization of dynamic systems to determine the main parameters of the economic policy of the commercial enterprise for providing the best strategy for development. With using the proposed approach can be created algorithms for evaluating both managed and unmanaged risk and also for finding reasonable solutions for preventing them. When presenting the material, operational environment of the commercial enterprise is describing in traditional terms of trade and financial market, allowing its use wherever used information system "1C", in the form of incremental software complex for forecastingand optimization. The developed mathematical model allows to solve the tasks of easing the selection and justification decisions for leadership shopping enterprise: - predict a time functions, which define the mathematical expectations of the processes of change of assets and liabilities of commercial enterprise in the process of its functioning, as well as confidence intervals; - with initial set of source data - find the initial condition - authorized capital for providing strategic objectives; - with any statutory Fund - to identify primary commodity-monetary policy, expressed by set of different interest rates, some of which is set by the regulator, the other part -by market mechanisms and Treaty obligations of participants of transactions, that will allow to solve tasks at the initial period of functioning; - provide support to the enterprise operation planning in the form of calculation of efficiency of variants of produced plans and other. Results of forecasting the dynamics of the situation circulating assets are presented inan integrated graphical form, which provides an opportunity to see the full picture of the forthcoming state of current assets trade organization, and the main participants of the trade and economic activity in a given time interval.
Business Enlish practice tasks and texts for the development and mastering of Business English Vocabulary.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.