Do We Need The Entrepreneurial University? A Triple Helix Perspective
The main goal of this book is to deepen our knowledge and share opinions on real SME’s needs, different approaches to technology parks, incubators and entrepreneurial centres, and their role in the success of startups in different countries. To illuminate these issues we have been using the Triple-Helix perspective developed by Loet Leydesdorff and Henry Etzkowitz. Specifically, our studies aim at deciphering the key success factors of incubation programs in different countries around Europe as compared with the best practices round the world. Other research deals with the impact of processes and activities that take place in parks, centres and incubators on the speed and magnitude of startups’ success. Furthermore, we identify the differences between different types of incubators (e.g., university science park, technology park, entrepreneurial incubator, independent commercial incubator, regional business incubator, company-internal incubator, virtual incubator) and their subsequent effect on startups’ sustainability.
The role of universities has undergone dramatic changes. Universities no longer only host knowledge, but are now required to develop it further and to contribute to economic growth and support for e.g. companies to strengthen their competitiveness. This is of particular importance for the Russian Federation, where the last 20 years saw the dismantlement of the innovation system of the Soviet Union and ever since has been struggling to close the gap to the innovation-driven economies of Western Europe. When the Russian Federation shifted towards a market economy in the 1990s, economists, sociologists, political scientists and/or management staff educated in modern principles of management were in short supply. To alleviate the situation, the State University - the Higher School of Economics - was founded November 27, 1992 by the Russian Federation Government Decree No 736 to educate future leading professionals in the field of economics and social sciences. Currently HSE is the largest research-led institutions in the field of social and economic sciences in Eastern Europe. Spread over Four Russian cities - Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Perm. Of particular interest is the Innovation Infrastructure Development Program which puts great emphasize on commercialization of research results and entrepreneurial thinking.