The article contains the methodological materials for inclusion of the topic “Parallel Computing” in the school informatics. The computer games “Tank crew”, “Swarm of robots”, “Firefighting vehicles” are considered. The goal of the first game is to program joint actions of tank crew members. The plot of the second game is the putting on foot the space expedition. For this goal, a group of robots should load containers with fuel and food into spacecrafts. Under uniting efforts of several robots, systemic effect is emerged: their physical and intellectual abilities increase. For programming, it means change in the number of performers and their capabilities. In the third game a group of fire engines should fight fire. The game includes the systemic effect of combining the efforts of fire engines, and two new aspects: two levels of parallelism (parallel actions of vehicles and crew members of each vehicle) and dynamic changes in the environment (combustion of objects and the spread of fire depending on the direction and strength of the wind). In the 2018/19 academic year this game is used in interregional Internet contests for schoolchildren and students “Parallel programming – from the cradle (2018)!” and “TRIZformatashka-2019” (interregional competition in informatics, systems analysis and theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ)).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables