Год на дистанте: с какими трудностями столкнулись студенты и чему нас научил массовый переход в онлайн
The paper compares some basic aspects of the national identity of Russian and American students. We have analyzed the views of the students at three leading Russian universities (MSU, MGIMO and NRU HSE) and at Princeton University (USA). The study is based on comparing of Russian students’ positions with those of the Princeton University’s students (USA). The paper consists of two articles. The first article published bellow includes the analysis of the students’ normative perceptions of their countries. The second one is devoted to the aspects of attitudes towards the country that render it an object of national identity (country favoritism, a level of criticism towards the country and a specificity of duty to the country fulfillment)
The aim of the research was to find factors that allow students effectively use Internet. Study consisted of two parts. Questionnaires were filled by 159 1-3 year undergraduate students of NB SU-HSE. Interview was carried out with 7 undergraduate students of NB SU HSE and 7 IT specialists. Questionnaire had three parts: purpose of Internet use; motivation of Internet use (based on inventory by Arestova, Babanin and Voyskunsky); psychological states in the process of using Internet (based on the inventory FPS by Chirkov). Three hypotheses were tested in the study. Hypothesis 1 was confirmed: students' leading motive while using Internet is a cognitive motive and the main goal - search for information. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed by cluster analysis: students experience dysfunctional states while using Internet. Hypothesis 3 was not confirmed: there are no differences in students' and IT specialists' search strategies.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.