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Вестник криминологического журнала

Т. 11. Вып. 4: Юридические науки. ФГБОУ ВО "Байкальский государственный университет", 2017.

 The number of repeat crimes in penal colonies is steadily growing at present, which can be explained by both general social and by special determining factors connected with specific relationships among inmates and a number of criminogenic factors typical of places of confinement. It is not easy to gain realistic information about the situation with penitentiary repeat crimes because they are highly latent, so this phenomenon requires objective criminological research that could be used as a basis for the development of complex prevention measures. Prevention of penitentiary repeat crimes should be understood as an integrated complex of general, specific and individual measures to eliminate (neutralize) the factors determining crimes of inmates in the short term. Prevention of penitentiary crimes in places of confinement is purposeful multi-stage work involving employees of all the institution’s departments and services that work with inmates. It includes, firstly, the identification and research of existing criminogenic factors; secondly, the analysis of criminogenic characteristics of a convict’s personality; thirdly, the study of his/her psychological traits, prediction of individual criminal behavior in the conditions of the correctional institution, elimination of causes and conditions determining deviant behavior of a specific person as well as educational and preventative measures stimulating the inmate’s interest in positive activities. Prevention work should result in the minimization of factors that generate crimes or other offences among inmates, or the deviation of their behavior from the accepted social norms; correction of deviant behavior and re-socialization of convicts; safety provisions and observance of legal and regime demands by inmates.

 

Вестник криминологического журнала