19 April 2019
19 April 2019
18 April 2019
The article presents the main results of the International scientific-practical conference «Business Psychology: Theory and Practice» (HSE, Moscow, Russia), which took place from 16 to 19 November 2017. The Conference was prepared and carried out at the initiative of the master’s program «Psychology in Business» and was an important milestone in the development of business psychology — a new area of applied psychology. The presentations and discussions are demonstrated the scientific importance and practical utility of business psychology. Currently, there is a trend to find basic theoretical approaches for business psychology as a practice. The new area of research and practice for business psychologists were outlined. Such contemporary hot topics as organizational flexibility and knowledge management are increasingly penetrate into the area of research and practice of business psychologists and became more concretized. As a consequence, a tendency to search for psychological solutions in management and organizational consulting is developing.
The planning of professional interaction by project managers is connected with the two essential life styles – preferences for using the judging function or their perceiving function when relating to project time management. The role of the project schedule is reflected in the fact that it appears to be a “cognitive plan” for future activities. The empirical basis of the research is represented by the examination data of 120 managers involved in projects of several Russian enterprises.
The book contains articles on psychology.
Abstract. The article discusses training methods as the tools to help entrepreneurs and their teams to effectively handle identity and growth crises. The basic causes and problems of the growth and identity crises of entrepreneurs and their teams are found in the research considered in the article. Study reveals that development of the human capital of the entrepreneur and top-management team of the company positively influence on overcoming of the company crises.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.