The planning of professional interaction by project managers is connected with the two essential life styles – preferences for using the judging function or their perceiving function when relating to project time management. The role of the project schedule is reflected in the fact that it appears to be a “cognitive plan” for future activities. The empirical basis of the research is represented by the examination data of 120 managers involved in projects of several Russian enterprises.
The book contains articles on psychology.
Abstract. The article discusses training methods as the tools to help entrepreneurs and their teams to effectively handle identity and growth crises. The basic causes and problems of the growth and identity crises of entrepreneurs and their teams are found in the research considered in the article. Study reveals that development of the human capital of the entrepreneur and top-management team of the company positively influence on overcoming of the company crises.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.