In the collection of articles based on reports read at the round table
"Language (s) of ancient Egyptian culture: the problems of translatability", held in 2017, presents works relating to different periods of the history of Ancient Egypt. They touch upon a variety of issues related to the issues of various Egyptological disciplines: history, philology, religious studies, art history, and cultural studies. The articles are devoted to the specificity of the embodiment and dialogue of verbal and non-verbal languages of ancient Egyptian culture.
The paper deals with the use of word Kmt in First Kamose Stela. There were different opinions on the point, one of them suggesting that Kamose and his advisors used the same meaning of the word: “this Kmt” of Kamose and “our Kmt” of his nobles both mean ‘a portion of Kmt per se under our = Theban control’. A detailed analysis can show however that Theban nobles of Kamose text express a specific concept in which Kmt per se firmly coincides with contemporary Theban, non-Hyksos controlled part of Kmt of old (= of Egypt in its regular meaning), while Egyptian territory under Hyksos rule is not Kmt at all, in any actual or eventual sense of the word; this territory is not an ‘occupied part of Kmt’ which is to become a part of Kmt ever again, but constitutes a part of the “Land of the Asiatics- Aamu” (adjacent to the whole land of Kmt) and thus is a part of non-Egyptian world of foreigners. Some reflections of this concept within the framework of an opposite, traditional view on Kmt can be seen in Kamose Stela which can be shown to designate Hyksos possessions in Egypt as “the land of Avaris” and in Tale of Apophis and Seqenenre where Avaris is named “town of the Asiatics- Aamu”. This unique “reductionist” concept of Kmt probably emerged as a compensatory attempt to reconcile natural general presumption that sacred land of Kmt cannot fall under foreign conquest with the fact of Hyksos rule in the northern parts of Egypt. The easiest though not very valiant way to achieve such reconciliation was just to exclude these parts from the notion of Kmt/Egypt as such. The reductionist concept in question, by the way, could emerge if only Avaris kingdom had been really founded by certain group of Asiatic invaders, not by local Delta Egyptian subjects of Asiatic origin, as it is not rarely assumed.