Лингвосенсорика как перспективное направление современных лингвистических исследований: Аналитический обзор
The review focuses on liguistic research into sensory vocabulary within the framework of contemporary Sensory Studies. The author analyzes the extant approaches to sensory processes, considers their heuristic potential for Linguistics, describes contemporary trends in the study of sensory vocabulary and outlines the prospects of the emerging discipline.
The review is aimed at specialists in General Linguistics, Psycholinguistics, Linguistic Semantics and Cognitive Linguistics.
The article concerns R. Wollheim’s theory of twofoldness, the one of the most acclaimed analytical theories of pictorial representation. Wohhleim has pointed to the structural distinction of seeing pictures from seeing objects and situations face-to-face, thus proposing the theory of seeing-in and twofoldness. This conception presupposes the split, simultaneous seeing of the picture’s object and material surface. Considering the basic influences, features and shortcomings of Wollheim’s theory, author specifies the question of to what extent the scope of this theory is limited to artistic pictures. Alongside with this theory’s reconstruction and critique, the article provides its interpretation based on spatially-oriented definitions of twofoldness (B. Nanay, J. Kulvicki) coupled with the actualization of the distinction between representational content of a picture and its figurative content. The first one includes all spatial relations that can be seen in it, the second one – all that can be seen in it and described by non-abstract concepts. Wollheim reframed to apply this distinction to his notion on twofoldness. But it gives the possibility to bring out the convincing definition of twofoldness as the simultaneous visual experience of pictorial surface (i.e., some material object in viewer’s egocentric space) and of representational content (i.e., semantically active spatial relations which one sees in the picture). This interpretation may be considered a useful instrument for non-reductionist description of pictorial experience and pictures’ ontological duality, hence it is devoid of Wollheim’s psychologism while maintaining his focus on visuality. Moreover, it provides some opportunities for applying Wollheim’s theory beyond the contexts of analytical philosophy of pictures, thus connecting it to the problems of phenomenological and hermeneutic theories of image.
Plato’s interest in vision and the visual is multifaceted, and complex. Visual words and images are frequent in the dialogues along with many direct and indirect discussions of physiological, intellectual, and social vision. The increased emphasis in recent scholarship on the importance of visuality in Plato is a part of a ‘scopic turn,’ the effect of which was to ground interpretations of the history of western European philosophy and metaphysics in its entirety in certain optical premises.
This paper deals with the perception of English language teaching profession at a secondary school level by university students who specialize in languages. Survey results demonstrate that though respondents find English teaching content appealing, the perceptions of unattractive low pay and high workload stop them from choosing a teaching career. Also, students are uninformed about labor conditions for school teachers. Internal motivation such as personal qualities and preferences is the primary incentive to choose English language teaching profession.
The author studies the issue of synthesis of different theories and methods used by personality self-attitude studies. The theories and methods discussed are developed within the framework of different philosophical, psychological and humanitarian sciences. The issue of self-attitude personology development based on such synthesis is brought up. Presented personological model of self-attitude is explicated from the texts by Michel Foucault and unites trans$cultural ideas of individual self-attitude. The above ideas are studied as a cultural potential of psychological studies and practice of self-attitude by a modern personality.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.