Старшая школа и ее альтернативы в советской и российской практике
Collection of reports made at the session of the section «Methods of teaching of art Pushkin» of the International scientific conference «A.S. Pushkin and world culture». It consisted of scientific communications (E.S. Abelyuk, etc.), methodological developments (S.V. Ivanova, etc.), description of principles of the lesson (I.I. Shelapina, etc.).
The article considers the practices of performance-based pay applied in the vocational education and training (VET) institutions. It was found that VET institutions used different tools to adopt «effective contract» due to ambiguity of the institutional environment. The study suggests, that more favorable conditions for performancebased pay occur in VET organizations, which have cooperation with business (employers for graduates) interested in skilled workers and in employment of the graduates. This is due to abilities of VET to attract additional funding from business, to develop quality assessment system and requirements for the results of teacher’s work.
Technical competencies and specific engineering skills alone are not sufficient in the modern labor market but employers expect engineers to actively promote the products they create. Engineers often perceive their skills differently than employers do. Insufficient university training in a number of fields including the development of social, management and communication skills leads to an objective and understandable gap between the perceived and the required levels of such competencies. Based on the results of a survey of 3158 engineers conducted in 2011 in the Russian Federation, the study shows a number of deficits in the perception of innovation skills and the respective demand for these.
The article belongs to research category and deals with the analysis of educational statistics on student currents including young people enrolling into universities, colleges and professional technical schools of the Russian Federation. The aim of the article is to describe and analyze new balance between student currents in higher and secondary professional education as well as the consequences for higher educational university development strategies related to the changes of the balance. The main research method used in the article is the analysis of statistic data dynamic sets related to student enrollment to professional education programs. The main result of the research is the conclusion on the achieved balance of students choosing secondary and higher professional education programs during the period of 2001–2014. Data provided in the article allow for making a conclusion that in the coming years student characteristics would play a much more important restrictive role in implementing university and college development strategies than financial resources. The novelty of the article is related to treating student currents as a specific type of managerial resource that is gaining an essential role for professional education institutions in the context of demographic crisis.
The main goals, objectives and results of the ongoing project fulfillment on development and implementation of the automatized system on the collection, analysis and representation of the information about functioning of the structure of the vocational education and training (VTE) system in the Federal subjects of Russia are presented. The features and capabilities of the automatized system for different types of users, methodological and technological aspects of the interaction with users are discussed, some global statistical indicators of education on the VTE programs in the country for 2011-2012, calculated on the base of the data loaded, are given.
The monograph presents the contributions of the participants of All-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation devoted to discussion of problems of realization of the state educational policy in the field of formation of engineering culture of pupils in the conditions of modernization of education.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.