Актуальные вопросы развития логистики и управления цепями поставок: сб. науч. тр. VIII Всероссийской конференции студентов и аспирантов (22–23 апреля 2014 г.)
In this research, which is important for the applications of logistics and supply chain operation, task of choosing a vehicle is considered as the multicriteria optimization problem. On the example of a simplified model of the car choice it is shown that in solving this type of problems by the traditional methods of the multicriteria optimization theory, managers always need to consider the specifics descibed in the paper.
Approaches to modeling the strategic development of supply chains and the formation of cooperation strategies based on method of ontological engineering, complex system dynamics agent-based simulation
The article deals with the main issues related to the concept of supply chain management / value chain management on the example of the development of models SCOR, DCOR, CCOR, M4SC, VRM, GSCF. An example of adaptation of the considered models to a specific industry in the development of integrated supply chain planning methodology for ferrous metallurgy enterprises is given.
Changing market conditions led to a significant transformation of the supply chain management system of leading metal companies. The paper contains the results of the study conducted by the author on the systematization and formalization of specialized approaches to managing supply chains of leading metal companies and their relationships, comparing these processes with the standard supply chain management models SCOR + CCOR + DCOR and GSCF. The analysis formalized the main directions of development of the methodology of supply chain planning in terms of adapting to the specific of metals including: the reorganization of relations of existing planning processes in accordance with best practices in the industry planning; consolidation of models CCOR, SCOR and DCOR in a single system of supply chain planning processes; refinement steps of the planning process, and the introduction of additional, if necessary; formalization of methods and planning models; definition of requirements for information technology support. It was noted that the requirements for systematization and development of the planning methodology are defined by the needs of its application to ensure the competitiveness of Russian metal companies in a tough fight in the global market.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.