Mutual intercultural relations
In culturally diverse societies, one of the biggest questions on our minds is 'how shall we all live together?' Mutual Intercultural Relations offers an answer to this fundamental and topical issue. By exploring intercultural relationships between dominant/national and non-dominant/ethnic populations in seventeen societies around the world, the authors are each able to chart the respective views of those populations and generate 'universal' principles of intercultural relations. The research reported in this book is guided by three psychological hypotheses which are evaluated by empirical research. It was also carried out comparatively in order to gain knowledge about intercultural relations that may be general and not limited to a few social and political contexts. Understanding these general principles will offer help in the development of public policies and programmes designed to improve the quality of intercultural relations in culturally diverse societies around the world.
This chapter presents the results of testing of the three hypotheses of intercultural relations (multiculturalism, integration, contact hypotheses) in two regions of Russia. In the study 1, the sample included dominant group (ethnic Russians) and two groups of migrants (from South Caucasus and Central Asia) in the Central Federal district. In the study 2, the sample included dominant groups (Kabardians and Balkars in Kabardino-Balkaria and Ossetians in North Ossetia) and ethnic Russians in these republics of North Caucasus. All hypotheses were supported in the dominant ethnic groups in both regions and in migrants from Central Asia in the Central Federal district and Russian minority in North Ossetia. The contact hypothesis was not supported among migrants from the South Caucasus. The integration hypothesis was not supported among the Russian minority in Kabardino-Balkaria. The results showed that in each region the leading role in the success of mutual acculturation belongs to the majority.