Mutual intercultural relations
The first goal of the MIRIPS project is to evaluate whether there is support for the three hypotheses (multiculturalism, contact and integration) in the various societies. The second goal is to examine whether support is present in both the dominant national and non-dominant ethnic groups; is there evidence of mutual views about how to engage in intercultural relations in the society? The third goal is to discover if there is a pattern of findings in the evaluation of the three hypotheses that is related to the contextual features of the societies, especially in relation to the three indexes (diversity, integration, and policy), and to historical and political factors. The fourth goal is to determine whether support found for the hypotheses constitutes a basis for a claim that they are universal principles of intercultural relations, and hence may serve as a possible basis for proposing the development of policies to improve the quality of intercultural relations. This chapter is structured according to these goals.
This chapter presents the results of testing of the three hypotheses of intercultural relations (multiculturalism, integration, contact hypotheses) in two regions of Russia. In the study 1, the sample included dominant group (ethnic Russians) and two groups of migrants (from South Caucasus and Central Asia) in the Central Federal district. In the study 2, the sample included dominant groups (Kabardians and Balkars in Kabardino-Balkaria and Ossetians in North Ossetia) and ethnic Russians in these republics of North Caucasus. All hypotheses were supported in the dominant ethnic groups in both regions and in migrants from Central Asia in the Central Federal district and Russian minority in North Ossetia. The contact hypothesis was not supported among migrants from the South Caucasus. The integration hypothesis was not supported among the Russian minority in Kabardino-Balkaria. The results showed that in each region the leading role in the success of mutual acculturation belongs to the majority.