Чтение современного школьника: программное, свободное, проблемное
This article analyzes the concept of «historicism in perception», which corresponds to the formation of literary education. The paper argues that the formation of historicism in perception is possible only under the condition of reflection and analysis of the value of its own position, its relationship with the modern age and culture. This involves understanding the cultural and historical distance that separates the modern man from the author of classic works, perception of historical meaning in their dynamics and variability. As a practical application of this thesis is proposed to go from the analysis of works of contemporary literature to the understanding of works of classical literature, close to them on the issue and possibly a general intertextual field.
The paper analyzes, using a survey of 700 high school students, their attitudes towards classical and modern literature. School continues to shape views of Russian classical literature as a supervalue. Yet, reading practices diverge from the values. Most students do not read contemporary Russian authors viewing them as subpar to the classics. Foreign literature, on the contrary, is popular among teenagers because it is not subjected to comparisons with the classics.