Dobre i złe sąsiedztwa. Historia kluczem do zrozumienia współczesnych relacji międzysąsiedzkich
The collection comprises more then thirty articles concerning history and actual state of relationship in contact areas of different scales, from neighbourhood up to national and civilisational levels. Relationship between “neighbours” areviewed in a wide temporal perspective using methods of history, culturology, sociology, politology and other humanities.
The paper examines the image of western christianity as presented in four rusian literary works created at the end of the 11 th – the beginning of the 12 th century, namely in the Beginning Annalistic Compilation, in the Sermon on the Translation of St. Nicholas’ relics from Myra, in hegumen Daniel’s Pilgrimage to the Holy Land and in the Tale of Bygone Years. Only the author of the Beginning Compilation proves to be a consequent exposer of the “distortions of faith”, committed by “Latins”, while other three studied texts show this or that level of religious tolerance. The lack of information limits researcher’s ability to ascertain the particular reasons making each Russian bookman immune to Byzantine anti-latin propaganda. It can be supposed however that the the close diplomatic and personal contacts with the West created auspicious conditions for the growth of “ecumenic” ideas in the Kievan Rus’.
In Russia, the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX century were marked by active development of local history-writing. In contrast to «academic» historians, local history-writers tended to study first of all the past of their own communities, not the history of the nation as a whole. Situated on the route connecting two Russia’s capitals, St.-Petersburg and Moscow, Tver gave the local history-writers good opportunities to co-operate with the most authoritative researches of the time. On the other hand, such location made it particularly topical to demonstrate the definitive role of Tver and the Upper Volga region in Russian history. The article studies the formation and the institutional background of Tver community of local history-writers, analyses the features of Tver history-writers’ co-operation with their capital-based colleagues, and demonstrates, how the research field of local history-writing was interconnected with the development of regional identity.
The article raises the problem of studying the borderland in the context of the new local history, the origin of which to postnonclassical model of science causes the task of constructing its object, which is, in particular, the borderland as a zone of intercultural communication. Shown the formation of new approaches of American historiography to the study of contact zones in the context of regional history and approval polycentricity; analyzed the possibility of transferring the principles of the study of the borderlands on the study of different regions with multi-ethnic / multicultural population. Focused attention on research practice study contact areas of the North Caucasus, which revealed the specifics of the local identity, due to the preservation of the social traditions of the highlanders, despite hard cultural assimilation. Specially analyzed the historiographical culture of the North Caucasus region as a result of inoculation of the European research model on the local folk traditions.