Ритмическая структура текста как фактор гармонизации художественного произведения
The research is carried out in accord with the main principles of communicative and paradigmatic linguistics. It is devoted to the study of lingual ways of expressing harmony as an ethetic category. Rhythm as a regular repetition of similar and commensurable units of language is considered to be the main mechanism of the harmonious organization of belle-lettres style texts. The high efficiency of rhythm as a stylistic device creates the expressiveness of the text at all the levels of language, beginning with the phonemic level and finishing with the dictemic level. The principle of repeatability of elements and their relations within the system of semantic and syntactic ties manifests internal symmetry; and the symmetry of text elements is the main indicator of its harmony.
The paper provides a methodology for identifying and analyzing group-theoretical symmetry in socio-economic applications. Symmetry is disclosed in the tasks of estimating contingent claims, the main hypotheses of financial markets, time series of stock indexes, including pre-crisis periods, the distribution of urban population and the duration of historical periods. The connection of solutions based on symmetry is displayed, in particular, with the management of pension savings and migration flows, as well as with the “digital” transformation of people's life attitudes.
A new type of massless Dirac fermions in crystalline three_dimensional topological insulators (three_dimen_sional two_dimensional situation) has been predicted. The spectrum has fourfold degeneracy at the top of the two_dimensional Brillouin zone (M point) and twofold degeneracy near the M point. Crystal symmetry along with the time reversal invariance in three_dimensional topological insulators allows fourfold degenerate Dirac cones, which are absent in the classification of topological features in R._J. Slager et al., Nat. Phys. 9, 98 (2013). The Hamiltonian in the cited work does not contain Dirac singularities with more than twofold degeneracy. For this reason, the corresponding topological classification is incomplete. The longitudinal magnetic field in the spinless case holds the massless dispersion law of fermions and does not lift fourfold degeneracy. In the spinor case, the magnetic field lifts fourfold degeneracy, holding only twofold degeneracy, and results in the appearance of a band gap in the spectrum of fermions.
The book contains the reports of the member of the congress from the different countres. They consider the idea of the symmety in the science and in the art.
This multi-author monograph has been compiled at the Department of Foreign Languages, Linguistics and Interpretation of Perm National Research Polytechnic University based on the research into modern translation discourse as an anthropocentric and textocentric phenomenon. The scientific inquiry is focused on exploration into the interpretaion process pattern as a synergetic system of interpreting senses of languages and cultures, interacting in the translation space, where the category of harmony is its axiological vector.
The monograph is aimed at students, post-graduates, doctoral students, and those specialized in translation studies, comparative linguistics, language education, and intercultural communication.
The paper examines the significance of Platonic Solids in different parts of modern science.
Big History has been developing very fast indeed. We are currently observing a ‘Cambrian explosion’ in terms of its popularity and diffusion. Big History courses are taught in the schools and universities of several dozen countries, including China, Korea, the Netherlands, the USA, India, Russia, Japan, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, and many more. The International Big History Association (IBHA) is gaining momentum in its projects and membership. Conferences are beginning to be held regularly (this edited volume has been prepared on the basis of the proceedings of the International Big History Association Inaugural Conference [see below for details]). Hundreds of researchers are involved in studying and teaching Big History.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.