48th ISOCARP Congress -2012
The well known words such as “built environment “, “spatial planning” and even “sustainable development “ have different essence in Russian language. Spatial structure of built envi- ronment may be considered as the most durable part of modern culture, a mirror of our times and subject of research for modern anthropologists.
Due to the call of globalization and strive for educational mobility, modern education system is in an urgent need of comparativ e standards and curriculums. At the same time it is im- portant to nourish the traditions and identity of educational senters and open the way for new ideas. It is important to define the basic, core competencies of various professions involved in the creation of form and structure of built environment. Graduated specialists in Urban Planning, Architecture and Environmental Design produce different products that should work together for the benefit of human space: Spatial Plans, Architectural Space, Spatial De- sign. Space is a common word, and it is taken for granter that space has different scales.
Scale Levels in Spatial Design
Scale levels are a natural base of professional language in which we describe the environ- ment and produce design papers
The difference in “SCALE” alters not only the process of construction and use but also as- sessment for environment and responsibility for the client on charge of change.
Scale levels of built environment are associated with self-similarity and nestedness of scales within living matter1. Scales are the essential characteristic of man-made environment and using a scale approach we can define the whole range of design objects and introduce the system or professional competences that are required from design professionals.
“A scale of levels is the manifestation of a hierarchical principle of ordering, aimed at effi- cient control, policy-making and management of organizations” (3). Greece architect Doxiadis K.L (1942) believed that we must organize our system of life from Anthropos (indi- vidual) to Ecumenopolis (global city) in hierarchical levels. So he articulated a general hierar- chical scale with fifteen levels of Ekistic Units. Names of Units comes from Population Scale (final version, from C.A.Doxiadis' last book, ACTION for Human Settlements, p. 186, Athens Center of Ekistics, 1976). However, the classification turned out to be rather cumbersome, and the objects in one level were not comparable.
We presume that more important for the scales of Built Environment is not the number of persons but the opportunity of their interaction: handling, watching, moving, talking, walking, driving, riding and so on. This activities set the standards and principles for MORPHOTYPES OF BUILT ENVIRONMENT.