Социальная эволюция организации
Within this paper authors present the formalized approach vastly based on the adaptation of a well-known technique House of Quality for managing IS-enabled organizational transformation. The provided approach is meant to support designing rational set of organizational change management measures during information system implementation project under the condition of cost and time constraints and thus build an explicit link with quantified coefficients showing the relations between organizational business benefits and organizational change management measures.
The article deals with historical and sociological reconstruction and critical reappraisal of the negotiated order theory proposed by A. Strauss for the study of organizations. The paper analyzes the central concept of this perspective - negotiations, outlines key conceptual connections with symbolic interactionists research, considers the potentialities of negotiated order theory for explaining some organizational phenomena, examines the main limitations of this approach for studying organizations.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
This article describes the social-psychological aspects of the evolutionary-genetic approach to moral functioning. The author describes the significant theoretical and methodological principles of this area. Perspective and current status of the various domestic and foreign schools are considered here. In conclusion there is a substantiation of the practical significance of this area.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.