«Начало учения дѣтемъ»: роль книги для начального обучения в истории образования и культуры : Сб. ст.
In the paper we provide the results of a study of the content of primary school textbooks of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods.
The first in historiography research of the life and writings of an outstanding Russian educator, a close friend of Vladimir Lenin's father Ilya Ulyanov Alexander Alexeevich Krasev (1844-1921). It extends and corrects the conventional image of Krasev as presented in available literature.
The article explores the 16-th century lawsuit in Paris University. If we look for the causes of future collisions in the 1586 court hearings, then we should speak more generally about the conflict between the Theology and Art Faculties, between the dean and the Rector, or between the Sorbonne and Navarra colleges. Latent rivalry, hitherto shadowed by struggle against the ‘common’ enemies, such as the Protestants, Jesuits, royal encroachments on academic privileges and property (such as Pré-aux-Clercs), the attempts to carry out a radical college reform, would boil over into an open conflict in the mid-17th century. Weapon in all these conflicts was University history. The author scrutinized the lawers’ arguments as the building materials for inventing traditions of Paris University.
School textbooks published in the years 1900-2000 are collected and analyzed in the monograph. The rich experience of the Russian educational publishing, teaching content, is shown in changing depending on the historical period and the dominant ideas. Intended for historians, theorists and practitioners of education.
This article is dedicated to Benjamin Rush,one of american Enlightmen of XVIII century.He was prominent physician («father of american phychiatry»),publisist,political figure and phylosopher. In his time Rush had no peer as a social reformer. Among many causes he championed were prison and judicial reform, abolition of slavery and death penalty, conservation of natural resources, education in USA and women's education.
The problem of bribery as well as protection in the course of the defense of a master's or doctoral thesis in Russian pre-revolutionary universities is discussed. Author lays special emphasis on legislative measures undertaken by the government and moves made by the scientific community in order to eliminate this negative issue.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.