The subject of this article is Heidegger's existentially-ontological consideration of human being (Dasein) as the transcending structure. This article proves the conclusion that the interpretation of Heidegger's intentional consciousness as "transcendence"
means going beyond Husserl's phenomenology. Consequently, raising an issue of intentionality as a specific kind of Being (rather than cognition) Heidegger in contrast with Husserl considers the latter not as the consciousness immanent act, but as the act of transcending, or ecstasis, which being "isomorphic to Husserl's structure of intention" is regarded as ontological (rather than epistemological or academic) phenomenon. Specifically, Heidegger regards the act of transcending as the ecstatic temporality, and, therefore, as the fundamental aprioristic structure of the human Being. Significantly, this ecstatic temporality corresponds to "«the horizon of understanding, which ontologically belongs to Dasein".
Furthermore, Heidegger characterizes the above-described structure as the "openness" (openness of things existent to Dasein and vice versa) and interprets it as the basic phenomenon, and as the initial research subject in his phenomenological ontology. Moreover, this structure of the human being has a twofold interpretation: as the Being of things existent (Dasein), or as the aprioristic condition of this Being, hence it "internally" grounds "the possibility of ontology" in principle.
Paper reviews problems of developing the ontological approach-based incident management system (IMS) of decision support system for resolving incidents in information systems. It supports decision-making in variety of subject domains, for example, while training the service staff and system administrators, who are responsible for operation and management of complex information systems. In this case, the incident management system is based on the ontological approach and semiotic modeling. The semiotic model of subject domain under consideration is presented in the form of a graph, where graph vertices are interpreted as objects, and graph edges are interpreted as relations between them. The classification principles used in incident recording are proposed.
We describe a novel method for the analysis of research activities of an organization by mapping that to a taxonomy tree of the field. The method constructs fuzzy membership profiles of the organizationmembers or teams in terms of the taxonomy’s leaves (research topics), and then it generalizes them in two steps. These steps are: (i) fuzzy clustering research topics according to their thematic similarities in the department, ignoring the topology of the taxonomy, and (ii) optimally lifting clusters mapped to the taxonomy tree to higher ranked categories by ignoring “small” discrepancies. We illustrate the method by applying it to data collected by using an in-house e-survey tool from a university department and from a university research center. The method can be considered for knowledge generalization over any taxonomy tree.
Збірка наукових праць
There are different Modelling and Simulation (M&S) life cycle’s steps described in the literature. One way or another some of these steps are similar: creation of conceptual model, verification and validation of simulation model, statistical data collection and processing. Authors of represented paper suggest to automate some steps and propose to use ontological approach. The automatization of steps allows to optimize the overall time of simulation experiment, to increase a reliability of simulation model and to receive more adequate results.
The role of formal ontology in Conceptual Modeling (CM) and Information Systems Engineering (ISE) is increasingly being recognized as fundamental by both the research and practitioner communities. The importance of formal ontology to these interrelated areas has been the theme of two workshops series held over the past years, namely the Workshop on Ontologies and Conceptual Modeling (Onto.Com) and the Workshop on Ontology-Driven Information Systems Engineering (ODISE). Given the strong relationship between the two fields as well as the synergies between the workshops, Onto.Com and ODISE have merged at FOIS 2014.
Formal ontology, whose theoretical underpinnings are grounded in disciplines such as Philosophy, Cognitive Sciences and Linguistics, has led to the development of theoretical foundations for conceptual modeling. In particular, a number of ontological theories such as BORO, BWW, DOLCE, GFO and UFO have been successfully applied to the evaluation of conceptual modeling languages, frameworks and standards (e.g., UML, ORM, ER, REA, TROPOS, ARIS, BPMN, RM-ODP, Archimate, OWL and ISO 15926), and to the development of information systems engineering tools (e.g., methodological guidelines, modeling profiles, design patterns) that contribute to the theory and practice of conceptual modeling and ISE.
Additionally, there has been an increasing interest in the use of empirical studies to assess the impact of the application of these theoretical foundations to the design of conceptual modeling grammars and tools and their application in the development, integration and evolution of information systems.
The objective of the 1st Joint Onto.Com/ODISE Workshop is to provide an international forum for exchanging ideas on the latest developments in the emerging area of Ontology-Driven Conceptual Modeling and Information Systems Engineering and to address specific questions of relevance to the body of knowledge of this emerging discipline.
The workshop received 14 submissions, from which the Program Committee selected 8 high quality papers. The workshop was organized into one keynote talk and four sessions. The keynote talk, titled ‘An Algebra of Lightweight Ontologies’, was given by Prof. Marco A. Casanova from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. Specific modeling issues were discussed in the four sessions. These included relations, roles, reuse and measurement. We would like to express our gratitude to the Program Committee members for their qualified work in reviewing papers, the authors for considering Onto.Com/ODISE as a forum to publish their research, and the FOIS 2014 organizers for all their support.
The stranger is strange, the xenos is xenikos. What is strange, however, is captured neither by the fear of the presence of an original corruption, a non-Greek at the presumed origin of Greek philosophy, which would threaten its privilege; nor by the presence of an êthos in general that allows for hospitality towards the xenos, understood as both guest and host. Rather, that which is most strange about the xenos and its êthos is that which never simply presents itself—and that is what Heraclitus “implies” in saying: êthos anthrôpô daimôn. Thus, the origin of the origin of the hatred of the xenos is the strangeness of implication (which is the strangeness of being, and of our being, and of the being of the xenos and its êthos), which has implications for how we think about the stranger, and how we act towards the implied strangeness of the stranger.
Clinical informatics has been undergoing radical transformation. What are the causes and the drivers of this transformation? Which task can be solved well, and which cannot? How we should implement data analysis in clinical informatics projects in new reality? What is an importance of interpretability (comprehensibility) and explanation of data analysis methods in clinical informatics? At the workshop, we will try to answer some of such questions and setup a framework for later discussion.