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Of all publications in the section: 14
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Article
Заостровцев А.П. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2019. Т. 29. № 2. С. 132-141.

The participants of discussion review the thesis that economic development explains the rise and persistence of democracy, often referred to as the “Lipset thesis” after Seymour Lipset’s 1959 article. Most of the authors suggest that modernization theory in its most “simple version” rests on shaky empirical foundations. That is, at best there seems to be limited evidence in favor of the hypothesis that a change in income in a given year produces an unconditional, instantaneous change in the likelihood of democracy. Several of the contributions point to substantial evidence in favor of a more refined version of modernization theory, suggesting that increasing income promotes democracy i) in the medium or long-term and ii) conditional on certain “triggers” of authoritarian regime breakdown. It should be noted that there seems to be more evidence in favor of a link between income and democratic sustainability (“Przeworski thesis”). When considering democratic survival, income may even have an unconditional effect and an instantaneous effect. C. Welzel sketches how increases in material resources (such as money) and cognitive resources (such as education) shifts people’s preferences from existential concerns to freedom and self-realization – as part of “emancipative values”. D. Acemoglu and J. Robinson claim that there is no tendency for countries to become more democratic as they become more ‘modernized’ whether in terms of higher levels of income per-capita or education. The initial conditions created inclusive or extractive institutions which then put the societies onto very different long run paths of modernization and development. G. Munk declares that the majority of studies go against the expectations of modernization theory, suggesting that there is no positive or a negative income-democracy link. He concludes that modernization theory is a failed theory. We need to set it aside and move on to more promising avenues of research.

Added: Sep 24, 2019
Article
Бородин А. И., Макеева Е. Ю. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2013. № 1. С. 15-18.
Added: Mar 3, 2013
Article
Заостровцев А. П. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2015. Т. 25. № 1. С. 52-57.

The article considers the view of the great Austrian economist and philosopher Ludwig von Mises on history. The author especially emphasizes that Mises was the first who drew attention to the crucial role of ideas as the driving force of the historical process. Such vision of the role of ideas led to the proclaiming public opinion as the determining factor of social changes. By the example of the old liberals’ mistake, Mises showed that public opinion is not formed automatically. What seems obvious to intellectuals can be perceived by masses quite differently. Socialists, as emphasized by Mises and his follower Hayek, took full advantage of this mistake and managed to captivate the masses by their ideas. Mises’ views on social development are summarized in the form of so-called "Mises triad". The role of a primary impulse is given to the ideas, values, mindsets. Public institutions are derived from them. And only at the end of this chain there are technologies determined by institutions. On this basis, Mises builds his "economics of development": contrary to the dominant view of our time, he believes that the development is not possible without adoption of the western ideas and beliefs, which are not neutral to the material achievements of the West.

Added: Sep 12, 2015
Article
Заостровцев А. П. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2013. № 2. С. 31-36.
Added: Oct 1, 2013
Article
Бородин А. И., Шаш Н. Н. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2014. № 4. С. 96-106.
Added: Jan 23, 2015
Article
Полетаева В. М. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2018. Т. 28. № 2. С. 214-219.
Added: Oct 12, 2019
Article
Бородин А. И., Наточеева Н. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2015. Т. 25. № 6. С. 7-13.
Added: Aug 30, 2016
Article
Бородин А. И., Шаш Н. Н. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2014. № 1. С. 116-123.
Added: Mar 14, 2014
Article
Полетаева В. М., Смулов А. М. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2019. Т. 29. № 2. С. 152-160.
Added: Oct 13, 2019
Article
Юлдашева О. У., Окольнишникова И., Боброва Е. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2011. № 1. С. 71-85.
Added: Nov 15, 2013
Article
Заостровцев А. П. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2014. № 1. С. 40-47.
The article discusses the global competitiveness of Russia inside BRICS . As compiled by the World Economic Forum (WEF ) experts Global Competitiveness Report Russia fifth consecutive time is behind the other countries in this group. Analysis of the main components of the overall index of competitiveness shows that this lag occurs mainly due to poor institutions: the gap in the assessment of the institutional environment in Russia and other BRICS countries is particularly high. Among the individual components of the institutional environment most negative characteristics have the state of property rights, rule of law (independence of the judiciary) and the situation with corruption. This fact is confirmed also by the other studies: “Quality of Governance” by the World Bank, Index of Economic Freedom (joint project of “Heritage Foundation" and the magazine "Wall Street Journal ", USA) and the measurement of corruption by "Transparency International" . The article concludes that Russia in the XXI century has slipped into a social order named by Douglass North and his co-authors ' “fragile natural state”, and which is based on violent entrepreneurship of the state. Without decisive way out of this institutional trap Russia will not be able to make progress in global competitiveness in comparison with other BRICS countries
Added: Nov 2, 2014
Article
Полетаева В. М. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2016. Т. 26. № 3. С. 51-58.
Added: Oct 12, 2019
Article
Бородин А. И., Ченцов А. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2015. № 2. С. 25-31.
Added: Jun 4, 2015
Article
Караваева Ю. С. Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия 2: Экономика и право. 2018. Т. 28. № 4. С. 555-560.

One of the functions of the institution of a special subject of crime is the function of differentiation of criminal responsibility, which allows at the legislative level to reflect, as a rule, an increased degree of social danger of crimes with a special subject and persons who committed them. Considering the special features of the subject as its status-role characteristics, the author turns to the analysis of the domestic legislation of the Moscow period to identify the features of their consideration in determining the measures of responsibility. Taking into account that most of the crimes with a special subject were official crimes, the author gives the ratio of the established types of punishments for them and concludes that the prevalence of property punishments in the law Courts of 1497 and 1550, corporal punishment and the death penalty - in the Council code of 1649, which is consistent with the continuing trend of centralization of the state and strengthening the power of the monarch.

Added: Sep 28, 2019