The article deals with the Jewish community of Perm as a religious community in a historical perspective. Activity of diaspora regarded as closely linked with the policy of pre-revolutionary, Soviet and post-Soviet state. In the context of the Russian Em- pire, the basic tools of the impact were the system of deportations and settlements and structure of cantonists’ schools for the Jewish minority. Appeal to the biographical da- ta allows us to consider options for inclusion in pre-revolutionary Jewish community of Perm at the individual level. This paper analyzes the main methods of reproduction of the Jewish community. Punitive measures are treated as the main factors of the Jew- ish community outside the Pale, including, in the Perm province. The Soviet system is seen as a legacy of a policy of oppression against religious minorities in general and Jews in particular, where the main purpose of religious policy was to keep the devel- opment of the community. Obstacles to compliance the norms of religious conduct and implementation of the necessary devotions were used as the basic tools of the impact on the Jewish community. Policy of non-religious culture in the Soviet Union focused on the eradication of religious thinking is rated as ineffective against even the smaller religious communities. Archival data serve as the basis for verification of data of the viability of religious beliefs and religious practices of the Jews of Perm. The modern Jewish community of Perm is treated as an inherited the principle of individual reli- gious attitudes as a basis for its consolidation. Judaism in this case acts as a marker of national identity, successfully competing with other identity factors.
This article deals with compensation theory, according to which humans in modern culture need to compensate modernization and rationalization processes to construct their identity. As a result, the tendency to the conserve and re-actualize its historical origins is a characteristic feature of modern culture.
The paper describes the necessary metaphysical grounds and central points of J. Searle’s general theory of social reality. It shows how in a world of physical particles and fields of force, the diversity of social life is constructed with the help of one kind of logical and linguistic operations, i.e. declarations of status functions.
The article is concerned with the reception of the philosophical legacy of Michael Psellos – the XI-century Byzantine scientist and theologian – in the works of Marsilio Ficino – the XV-century Florentian Neoplatonist. It is shown, that the De daemonibus, which is signed by Michael Psellos, attracted Ficino's attention by the fact that it contains an understanding of materiality and corporality inherent to the pagan Neoplatonic tradition, which the Florentian himself approved of, together with references to Christian authorities.
The paper raises the question as how we can include the category of subject within physicalist ontology without postulating metaphysical freedom of will. Significance of the issue is justified through the analysis of the notion of subject in the everyday moral discourse. Suggested answer can be described as compatibilistic. Author claims that category of the subject might be highlighted in the physical world, if we could find its causally effective feature, and such feature is intentionality.
The article presents an attempt to explicate language issues of Plato’s Timaeus, the author demonstrating that from the very beginning of the dialogue Plato emphasized the importance of its linguistic dimension. Moreover, the ontological structure of Timaeus’s speech can be considered the key to understanding of Plato’s philosophy of language.