Во второй части статьи прослеживаются основные моменты развития патримониальных и имперских порядков, а также институтов и практик. Специально рассматриваются каче- ства патримониев и империй как прототипических оснований властвования и политической организации, а также сохранение и модификация этих качеств в череде метаморфоз. Ана- лизируется проблема «гибридизации», сочетаемости патримониальных и имперских по- рядков друг с другом и с другими политическими формами. В заключение статьи ставится вопрос о настоящем и будущем патримониальных и имперских форм.
Patrimonial and imperial orders mingle with other political forms of various kinds and dimensions into complex assemblages to produce a ‘flaky pastry of politics’. Their shapes could be investigated with the help of morphological analysis. It helps to identify morphological similarities that develop due to three different modes – descent, elective affinity and pseudomorphsis. The first part of the article provides methodological apparatus of morphological analysis to deal with specific paradigmatic variations of prototype forms within complex political orders. The task of investigating evolutionary and historical transformations of patrimonial and imperial prototypes is left for the second part of the article that is to follow
The article analyzes the relationship of political power and entrepreneurship since the beginning of structural changes in society two countries were faced after the collapse of the Soviet planned economy and political system. In this process formed a certain level and quality between business and government, which in turn determines the formation of relevant stages of these relationships. As a result, we can verify certain common characteristics and differences in the dynamics of the relationship of political power, business and society that are related both to the size, economic structure and dynamics of the political development of both countries.
The article presents a topical theoretical approach to defining and measuring the efficiency of state power. The author suggests a combination of systemic and neoinstitutional approach to define state efficiency as a quantitative measure of a political system. DEA efficiency scores are calculated using empirical data for the years 2005-2010. Rank correlation and OLS regression are used to define institutional factors of efficiency.
The objective of the study is to reveal the role of the previous work experience of ombudsmen in RF subjects in the character of his/her activities in the region. In accordance with the objective of the study three groups of ombudsmen were identified on the basis of their background: former deputies, former administration representatives, former policemen and Office of Public Prosecutor officers. To achieve the objective of the study and testing of the assumption offered analysis of the Annual reports of ombudsmen Internet representation of his/her activities was made. A number of semiformal interviews with ombudsmen from the three groups were analyzed. On the basis of the analysis of ombudsmen's Annual reports and the Internet representation of their activities it can be assumed that the higher degree of publicity, more pro-active approach are more typical for former administration representatives. As to former Internal affairs ministry and Office of Public Prosecutor officers they are very similar in majority of characteristics
This research highlights foundations of regional political regimes diversity. Article focuses on the processes of political transformation of the Volgograd region in the context of centralization of center-region relations in 2000th. Our findings indicate that institutionalized parties have crucial significance both for the region (oppositional, for resistance increasing) and for the federal center (pro-government, for controllability gaining). Also, the centralization processes inevitably associated with redistribution of resources become an additional factor the deviation from the original set of the federal center′s patterns in case of the elite cleavages.
A study of discursive identities oppositions in terms of the two semantically close words denoting "volunteers", the one being a local Russian word and the other, an international one, reveals some typical meanings of volunteer participation in Russian volunteer movement. It is shown that the differences between "volunteer" and local "dobrovolets (good-willer)" conceptualized in two main lines: (1) as an opposition of the references to the country's history and to contemporary social and linguistic contexts, (2) as an opposition of the native word, which is clear to understand to a foreign language word, whose meaning cannot intuitively be caught. Temporal oppositions have ambivalent connotations, while, for example, contemporary volunteerism is referred to ‘actions’ and ‘old-fashioned dobrovol’chestvo is referred to ‘real deeds’.
Disproportionality index measures a deviation of an electoral outcome from the voters' choice. It is measured usually through the deviation of the number of allocated seats from the vote shares. The article presents an alternative way to measure a degree of disproportionality under the electoral authoritarianism. The disproportionality index takes into account indirect effect to electoral supply, which is measured by candidates territorial dimensions. Thus, using Russian electoral system features help to make the tool for more accurate evaluation of disproportionality as a deviation of an electoral outcome from the voters' choice
The article presents a comparative analysis of statistical and sociological data about the governance effectiveness in Russian in 2002-2011. To process the sources of empirical data the author used statistical method of linear scaling. Obtained quantitative results were analyzed by two substantial lines of: 1) comparison of the trend of the main parameters of governance effectiveness during the presidency of Vladimir Putin (data for 2002-2007) and Dmitry Medvedev (data for 2008-2011); 2) identification of the level of correlation of statistical and sociological data about the governance effectiveness in Russia, including with the possible persistence of population estimates.
This article is devoted to an analysis of the formation and distribution of post-truth as a mechanism of media control in Russia. The dynamics of the formation in the country of “bad” institutes is traced, key among them being media. Similar institutes are met with in authoritarian regimes and work only for the benefit of the leader. The authors place emphasis on practical aspects of the functioning of hyperreality and post-truth which produce modern media. The tendency of increase in control of the power of the Internet through social networks and YouTube is separately noted. In the conclusion a number of measures is proposed to minimize similar processes.
The paper is focused on methodology of modeling state capacity developed within Research Project 47.0 Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis (including QCA) of Factors of Development and Decline of Statemanship of Socialist and Post-Socialist Countries in Europe and Asia at the Second Half of the XX Century and the Beginning of the XXI Century, carried out at the National Research University of Higher School of Economics. We discuss the importance of measuring state capacity in the context of comparative politics and present approaches to the construction of vector indices of state capacity and its typology. We also review contemporary approaches to latent variables measurement and analyze difficulties of their application in small-N research. Then, a combination of principal component and cluster analyses are proposed as an alternative. Finally, we use Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) based on Boolean algebra to reveal factors influencing state capacity in post-communist countries, and discuss preliminary results of the project in progress.
The article is devoted to the analysis of problems related to the Russian Open Government Data policy on federal and regional levels. Applying Transfer of Institutions concept by D. Dolowitz and D. Marsh, we concentrate on transfer mistakes and actors’ motivation problems. Based on the survey data, interviews and correlation analysis of regional statistics, we have revealed several problems of policy effectiveness. The most profound obstacles include unclear motivation of entrepreneurs and executives, vague process of transfer, problems of institutional design, as well as environment factors inconsistent with successful policy.