This article presents a comparative legal study of the creation and functioning of international economic organizations that existed in different historical periods: the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, the European Union and the Customs Union of the EAEC. The study determined the importance of international organizations in the economic growth of their member countries. An assessment will be made of the role of these organizations in the establishment and development of foreign economic relations and in the integration processes in the world economy. The need for this kind of comparative legal research is motivated by the lack of theoretical elaboration in this field. The concluding section of this study is a generalized judgement about the practicability and usefulness of the functioning of the CMEA, the European Union and the EAEC Customs Union.
The article attempts to examine the situation formed in Russian society after acceptance of Amendments to a Federal Law, On NonCommercial Organizations, providing for additional requirements to non-commercial organisations performing the functions of foreign agents. Special attention is paid to illustrating the positions of the parties to the conflict, whose justifiability of arguments, it appears, must play a decisive role in the consideration of debatable provisions with respect to their constitutionalism
The article gives an overview of arguments of supporters and opponents of the Law, which binds nonprofit organisations that raise finances from a foreign source and are engaged in politics to submit an application for them to be entered into the register of nonprofit organisations performing functions of a foreign agent. The article contains information on how the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation processes complaints that concern specific provisions of the said Law. It also presents the analysis of the Constitutional Court Decree dated 8 April, 2014 No 10-П, by which the Court in fact only admits inadequacy of the administrative fines the Law specifies for avoidance of such registration. The author also draws attention to a number of ambiguous judgments and conclusions contained in the Act under analysis.
The concept of 'cultural values' is one of the basic legal categories used in the discourse of the protection of cultural heritage. At the same time, it is also one of the most difficult ones due to its consolidation at the normative level and in the doctrine of its different definitions. The variety of approaches to understanding cultural values and their role in the system of legal regulation of the protection of cultural heritage is analysed in this paper.