Соматизм «руки» в русском и английском языковом сознании
This article represents an attempt to analyze the somatism (nomination of the bodypart) “hands” from the psycholinguistic point of view. It aims to reveal the mental images Russian and English speakers associate with the word “hands”. For this purpose, a wide range of linguistic sources such as language corpora and the results of an associative experiment have been studied and compared. The methods of the analysis are described, its qualitative and quantitive results are presented.
Four electronic corpora created in 2011 within the framework of the “Corpus Linguistics: the Albanian, Kalmyk, Lezgian, and Ossetic Languages” Program of Fundamental Research of the RAS are presented. The interface and functionalities of these corpora are described, engineering problems to be solved in their creation are elucidated, and the promises of their development are discussed. A particular emphasis is made on the compilation of dictionaries and automatic grammatical markup of the corpora.
The article gives an overview of mistakes made by a peculiar type of speakers – children of emigrants from Russia who grew up in a foreign linguistic environment and inherited their Russian from their parents. English tradition refers to this variety of Russian as heritage Russian. The study is based on the data from the Russian Learner Corpus, which includes texts produced by children of emigrants to the USA. The results show that the mistakes made by this type of speakers are different from those made by both common speakers of Russian and L2 students, and the process of their emergence is of significant linguistic interest.
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The Corpus of Russian Student Texts (CoRST) is a computational and research project started in 2013 at the Linguistic Laboratory for Corpora Research Technologies at HSE. It comprises a collection of Russian texts written by students from various Russian universities. Its main research goal is to examine language deviations viewed as markers of language change. CoRST is supplied with metalinguistic, morphological and error annotation that enable to customize subcorpora and search by various error types. Its error annotation is based on the modular classification: lexis, grammar and discourse, within which most frequent error phenomena are further distinguished. In total, the error classification encompasses 39 (20 higher-level and 19 lower-level) error tags. The crucial characteristic of CoRST is that the error annotation is multi-layered. Typically, since an error section can be corrected in a few ways, it is annotated with a few error tags respectively. Moreover, the corpus provides search by two possible explanation factors – typo and construction blending. The perspectives of CoRST development have both computational and research aspects, including qualitative and statistical comparative analysis of language phenomena in CoRST and NRC.
The paper examines construction blending as an important cause of errors in written students’ texts. The study is conducted within the framework of Construction Grammar [Fillmore and Kay 1992; Goldberg 1995, 2006] and grammar of errors [Vyrenkova et al. 2014]. It is based on the data of the Corpus of Russian Student Texts supplied with metatextual, morphological and error annotation.
In this article we present the results of research into discourse features characterising a lexico-semantic group of synonyms denoting a human being: human being, person, individual, personality and man. The main tool for analysis was language corpora, which made it possible not only to determine more precisely the functional styles the lexemes tend to be used in, but also to describe thematic characteristics of the texts in which the analysed lexical units show the highest frequency of use
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.