How perceived external threats are related to subjective well-being? The role of attitude toward the political system
Previous research has shown that perceived external threats triggered by dangerous societal events predict subjective well-being, but this link can be both positive and negative. We hypothesized that this occurs because the relationship between perceived threats and psychological state is mediated by attitude toward the political system. In our study, residents of Russia participated: we conducted four measurements from September to December, 2022 (N1 = 3193, N2 = 3237, N3 = 2090, N4 = 1991). The results showed that attitude toward the political system mediated the positive association of perceived international realistic, international symbolic, and domestic violent threats with life satisfaction. Moreover, this attitude mediated the negative association of perceived domestic economic and domestic political threats with satisfaction of life. This means that dangerous social events can have both negative and positive effects on subjective well-being. Possible explanations and directions for further research are addressed in the discussion.