Садоводство и садовая терапия как ресурс психологического благополучия человека
Gardening as one of the most popular active types of interaction with the world of flora is used by people to meet various needs (for example, intellectual, social and others). At the same time, its regenerative potential for the psyche of a person living in the conditions of the digital age and the urban environment remains underestimated. This literature review examines the main effects of gardening and garden therapy on the physical and psychological state of a person, as well as its potential in the context of strengthening social ties and social engagement. There are also positive effects of gardening on the psychological state of a person in childhood. The potential of gardening and gardening activities research as a way to reduce psychological distress resulting from social isolation and sedentary lifestyle during the Covid-19 pandemic is highlighted. The possible mechanisms of the beneficial effect of gardening on people's mental health are analyzed both within the framework of specific theories, including the stress reduction theory, the attention restoration theory, the theory of phyto-resonance, and in the context of individual modern studies. The literature review was conducted based on the analysis of studies on representatives of different cultures in different countries of the world (Australia, Great Britain, Iran, Italy, Oman, Romania, Singapore, USA, Taiwan, Sweden). The limitations of some of the studies under consideration are presented, mostly concerning the purity of their design; study vectors for further research and practical application are also outlined.