Демографические исследования в современном контексте: долгосрочные тренды развития и влияние внешних шоков
This editor's introduction to the special issue dedicated to Russia's demographic challenges outlines a range of research issues that are relevant in the current socio-economic context and presents the papers included in the issue. The authors point to methodological difficulties associated with assessing the impact of crises on key demographic processes. The main difficulty lies in separating the effects associated with changes in contextual circumstances, i.e., external shocks and the measures of social, demographic, and economic policies introduced in response to it, and long-term dynamics of indicators, that is, the demographic evolution of a particular society. Basing on the examples of several studies, the authors show the possible differentiation of the short-, medium-, and long-term consequences of various shocks on the demographic, economic, and social development of states. The authors note that the high differentiation of demographic indicators across Russian regions demands studying specific features of the demographic development of the country and its individual regions. Such studies, when immersed in an international discussion, can form a scientific basis for the development and reasonable borrowing of effective solutions in the field of demographic policy.