Динамика качества человеческого потенциала российских профессионалов: 2010–2021 гг.
In this article we analyze the dynamics of the human potential quality of Russian professionals based
on RLMS HSE data from 2010 and 2021. It has been demonstrated that due to the increasing immersion
of Russians in the digital environment, the overall quality of human potential has increased. However,
for a third of professionals it remains low, and for one in five it is very low. Only a third of professionals
are currently characterized by high indicators of the human potential quality. This is partly due to their
belonging to generations that have gone through socialization in different eras, so the shift in the age
structure of professionals also plays its role – under the influence of the “demographic echo” of the 1990s, the
number of people under 30 in their composition decreased while the proportion of 30–39-year-olds increased.
This is most typical for large cities, while rural areas are characterized by a sharp increase in the number of
professionals in older ages against the decrease in the number of 30–39-year-olds due to their migration to
cities. Good quality of human potential increases the chances for professionals over 60 to remain employed,
but since 2010 this trend has noticeably weakened. Among the institutional factors that determine the
quality of human potential the decisive role is played by factors related to the characteristics of primary
socialization in the family and school, as well as the characteristics of local labor markets, including the
presence of a “bonus” for professionals with a good quality of human potential for their willingness to change
profession. However, in general, the situation that has developed in the country with the professionals
working outside their specialty requires serious institutional changes – currently, about two-thirds of them
work outside their profession. The mass nature of this phenomenon devalues the importance of specialized
education in the eyes of employers, even for those professionals who are obliged to have it: every tenth among
doctors, and more than half among engineers do not have a specialized education.