ДИНАМИКА АЛЬФА-РИТМА ЭЭГ КАК БИОМАРКЕР ОБУЧЕНИЯ НОВЫМ ДВИГАТЕЛЬНЫМ НАВЫКАМ ПОСЛЕ ОПЕРАЦИИ ПО АУТОТРАНСПЛАНТАЦИИ МЫШЦ У ДЕТЕЙ БОЛЬНЫХ АРТРОГРИПОЗОМ
Learning new movement skills is a critical factor in the treatment of certain motor disorders. For example, in the treatment of children with congenital biceps atrophy (arthrogryposis), an innovative technique is used involving autografting of donor muscles, which begin the role of the non-functioning biceps. In this case, after surgery, the patient is faced with a unique situation - there is an opportunity to perform movement patterns that were never performed before surgery. Perhaps, the performance of new movements is not always related only to the effects of surgery, but also to the necessary neuroplastic rearrangements in the central nervous system. This study analyzed changes in the most pronounced neurodynamic component of brain activity, α rhythm, in the context of learning new motor patterns in children after the aforementioned surgery. In some patients, significant progress in motor skills was found to correlate with a jump-like increase in power in the alpha range of the EEG. This possibly indicates that α rhythm may also be a biomarker and predictor of the effectiveness of muscle autotransplantation surgery in the case of arthrogryposis treatment.