Моделирование благоприятности условий для распространения дирофиляриоза в Европейской России
Modeling of the spatial distribution of favorable climatic conditions for transmission of dirofilariasis in European part of Russia was carried out in order to identify the climatic parameters affecting its distribution. To build the model, the method of modeling ecological niches with optimization by the method of maximum entropy (MaxEnt) was used. The following parameters were considered: average annual air temperature, average annual precipitation, maximum temperature of the warmest month and minimum temperature of the coldest month. The most important climatic factor influencing the spread of dirofilariasis are thermal conditions (air temperature). The average annual rainfall has no significant effect. The most favorable territories of European part of Russia include the Black Earth Region, the Rostov Oblast, the Krasnodar Kray and the Crimea.