At the beginning of the XXI century in the field of tourism services supply exceeds demand. Regions for which tourism is part of a development strategy are coming up with new ways to create an unusual, attractive and competitive offer. In this regard, cultural tourism, including architectural, museum, gastronomic, religious, musical, cinema-induced and other types of tourism, is gaining special popularity. The chapter discusses the features of the functioning of cinema tourism in Spain.
Anniversary Book dedicated to Professor Jan Kieniewicz on His 80th Birthday
The present book is a collection of papers offered to Professor Jan Kieniewicz by his friends, colleagues, and collaborators to celebrate his 80th birthday. Entitled Spain – India – Russia. Centres, Borderlands, and Peripheries of Civilisations, it corresponds only in part – in its thematic and geographical scope – to his research interests. Professor Kieniewicz is indeed a historia involved in researching the history of India, of the European expansion during the precolonial times, of the early modern times in Spain, as well as of the history of Poland and Eastern Europe, but he is also one of the most creative Polish humanists who seeks to synthesize thinking about the human beings, their history, societies, civilisations...
In the present collective monography by the Russian and Spanish authors key problems of the current economic policy in both countries are analyzed. Each of authors introduces the vision of national situations in a global context.
This textbook is aimed to develop linguistic competence and professional skills of Spanish language students (level B1-B2). It helps students to get acquaintes with the sociocultural realities of Spain, to work with both adapted and non-adapted texts on topics covering four areas of society (economics, politics, social sphere and culture), enrich their vocabulary with basic lexical and phraseological units, to instill professionally oriented skills and abilities (in particular, to use various forms of information and conduct a discussion). The textbook will also be useful for those who want to pass SIELE and DELE international Spanish exams.
The article determines the pole and place of Spain in the system of European security in the face of modern challenges and threats. In this regard, the author explores the developments of the Kingdom’s policy in the sphere of international security at the conceptual and practical levels. The attention is paid to the dynamics and direction of the process of armed forces building in Spain. The paper concludes on the perspectives of the country’s participation in the solution of the key problems in the sphere of international security.
In this article I study medieval concepts of locus studii: how they were constructed, proclaimed and discussed by social actors before producing any real university space in the first Iberian higher schools. I mark out three general types of university spatial concepts in early juridical documents from the universities of Palencia, Salamanca, Lisbon-Coimbra and Lleida. The first group is connected to the universal locale of the studium: “light of science” and scholars’ privileges should extend over the whole Christian world. In political rhetoric “universal” locus studii (that was based on the authorities of the Pope or Emperor) was imitated by temporal sovereigns. The second type of loci studii is a city. Such conceptions (including civitas regia) considered urban space as integrated and homogeneous place of university activity leaving municipal law out of account. The third group described locus limitadus, a special university quarter. In the last part of my article I observe the use of spatial concepts in social and legal practices of Iberian medieval university corporations/
The Spanish Kings’ Christmas messages are considered the main instrument of communication of the Head of State with his citizens. Although they do not have any legal status and belong to the realm of customs and traditions, these speeches are expected by the people, and analyzed in detail because they are one of the few occasions when the monarch addresses the Spanish people on television. This paper deals with the speeches delivered by Juan Carlos I and Felipe VI from 1975 to 2019, in order to highlight their significance in strengthening the image of the institution of the monarchy, and convincing people of the necessity for peaceful coexistence in Spain, a highly democratic country where the monarch is the symbol of its unity and permanence. Nevertheless, Felipe VI’s messages are more personal, emotional and appealing, in comparison with the messages of his predecessor as he tries to make a gentle change in the monarchy, bringing it a little closer to the people.
Since the restoration of the monarchy, Christmas messages are a traditional act of political communication in Spain. The article considers the ways to represent the image of the monarch in the Christmas messages of Juan Carlos I and Felipe VI from 1975 to 2018. With the help of lexical and syntactic means of linguistic expression (metaphors, repetitions, personification, parallelism, and parcellation), an attractive image of the king is consistently created, which acts as an intermediary between the government and society and works tirelessly for the good of the country. One of the main goals of the epistles is to strengthen the institution of the monarchy and the call to maintain the status quo. However, interest in the Christmas messages of the Spanish king is gradually declining, due to the inappropriate behavior of some representatives of the Royal house.