Вода как исчерпаемый ресурс: пример Израиля
With a view to early detection of statistical instability of water quality, it is necessary to analyze the probability of deviations of parameters under inspection from their most probable values. It is shown the outlook of using in this case time-frame inspection charts enabling to fix with high reliability the exit of the system from sustainable state, and on this basis to make management decisions, such as on the transfer of water management into emergency mode of operation or on the need to find the source of instability.
At the moment in Russia a policy of privatization of companies with the state participation in the share capital is being conducted; the results of this study will help to make predictions about the dynamics of performance of privatized companies
The main goal of the research is to study the impact of state participation in the share capital on performance of the company. The study showed that state participation in the capital negatively affects to the companies' performance. However, in this work an interesting result that enterprises of a natural monopoly receive the net profit more than other companies was obtained.
Analysis of innovative activity of businesses, particularly those in the transport sphere, in the Russian Federation is provided, based on the OECD data. Company size, level of monopoly power and industryspecific characteristics were used as factors to determine innovative activity. All factors point at low level of R&D spending by Russian businesses, including those in the transport industry. Natural transport monopolies are significantly behind the world's largest companies in R&D. Lack of innovative management system in businesses is the chief barrier to innovative activity.
The given analytical report was prepared on the commision and by request of the European Enviromemnt Agency (EEA) and is a part of the common EEA project on the implementation of the assessment of assessments of the state of the environment in the pan-European region for presentation at the VII Ministerial "Environment for Europe" conference, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2011. The report was published within the series of reports by the EEA (Copenhagen, Denmark). It contains the assessment of environmental assessments in the Russian Federation and the country environmental profile of Russia. Special attention in the report is paid to such topics as water resources abd related ecosystems, as well as to the issues of green economy and resource efficiency in Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.