[Рецензия] Теш Р. Качественное исследование: типы анализа и программное обеспечение
Differences between quantitative and qualitative methods at various levels are described. The advantages and disadvantages of these groups of methods are analyzed in relation to the process of studying the culture of the organization, it is concluded that the separate use of only one class of methods in the diagnosis of organizational culture can lead to the construction of an inadequate picture. The emergence of a strategy of “mixed methods” is quite natural phenomenon. However, the joint use of different methods in one study involves solving a number of methodological problems of their interrelation. We consider a variant of the theoretical justification that guides such studies, proposed by J. Green and her colleagues, based on which three strategies for mixing quantitative and qualitative methods in diagnosing the culture of an organization are described: triangulation, addition, and development. It is supposed that these strategies can be combined in the process of an organizational culture diagnosis in order to obtain a more complete, reliable and most relevant result.
The VII Annual Conference on Methods in Social Sciences “Sociological Research Methods (A Tribute to Alexander Kryshtanovsky)” was held from September 23 to 24, 2016, at the National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moscow. The aim of the conference was to highlight the main trends and challenges in methods for collecting and analyzing sociological data, as well as to discuss the most important issues concerning the methodology and methods of acquiring knowledge about modern society. A special section of the conference was devoted to the methodology in qualitative research. Several main issues were discussed, including the validity of qualitative research results, gaining access to gatekeepers and hard-to-find informants, and ethical and moral dilemmas in field research.
The keynote speakers of the section were A. Vanke (Institute of Sociology Russian Academy of Science), E. Zdravomyslova (European University at Saint Petersburg), V. Ilin (Saint Petersburg State University), I. Kozlov (St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Institute of Sociology Russian Academy of Science), I. Kozina (National Research University Higher School of Economics), Claudio Morrison (Middlesex University, UK), M. Podlesnaya (St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University, Institute of Sociology Russian Academy of Science), M. Semina (Moscow State University), I. Tartakovskaya (IS RAS), A. Temkina (European University at Saint Petersburg), I. Shteinberg (Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences), and S. Yaroshenko (European University at Saint Petersburg).Citation: Kusimova T. (2016) Moral'naya kar'era issledovatelya-«kachestvennika». VII Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferentsiya pamyati A. O. Kryshtanovskogo «Metody i protsedury sotsiologicheskikh issledovaniy», 23−24 sentyabrya 2016 g. Moskva, Rossiya [Qualitative Research as a Moral Career. VII Annual Conferenceon Methods in Social Sciences “Sociological Research Methods (A Tribute to Alexander Kryshtanovsky),” September 23−24, 2016, Moscow, Russia]. Economic Sociology, vol. 17, no 5, pp. 138-146 (in Russian)
The article describes the main characteristics and differences between quantitative and qualitative methods. The advantages and disadvantages of these groups of methods are analyzed with reference to the study of socio-psychological phenomena and processes, it is concluded that the separate use of only one class of methods in the study can lead to the construction of an inadequate picture of the reality under study. The emergence of a strategy of "mixed methods" is natural. However, the joint use of different methods in one study involves solving a number of methodological and methodological problems of their correlation. The variants of combining quantitative and qualitative methods, proposed by D. Morgan in his sequential priorities model, are considered in detail.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.