Falsification and counterfeiting of goods
The article is concerned with the extremely urgent problem of goods counterfeiting and falsification, which has grown to a nation-wide scale. Methods to prove facts of counterfeiting and/or falsification of the products have been considered.
Current Russian criminal legislation does not provide specifications of liability for illegal corporate hostile takeovers (corporate raid). It provides only for sanctions for the infringements, such as arbitrariness, fraud, organization of criminal groups, giving bribes, abuse of authority, blackmail, forgery, etc. The article analyzes illicit potential of raider attacks; the most typical methods of their commitment are discussed, namely corporate blackmail, corporate hostile takeover in the course of bankruptcy, and strongarm takeover. The author underscores the negative impact of corporate raid on a countrys investment climate. Attention is paid to such a peculiarity of the national mentality, as the perception by managers of the organizations property complex as their own belonging, which stimulates hostile takeovers.
This is the first book to undertake a comprehensive historical analysis of modern Japanese historiographical debates over the territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan, an issue that is extremely important for understanding the course and consequences of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The author highlights and evaluates the main arguments in the Japanese historiography on the territorial demarcation issue, and carries out a comparative analysis of Japanese historians' approaches and assessments of the documented legal aspects of the Soviet-Japanese border problem.
This article rises the problem of authenticity ot the works by students and the comprehension of acceptable quoting by both students and teachers. All examples are shown from one typical essay that has successfully passed "Antiplagiat" verification
The author shows motives and methods of falsifications in the activity of NKVD officers at the time of Great Terror. An example of Perm NKVD officers is a focus of this micro-historical analysis. The main sources include the files of so called «counterrevolutionary crimes’ trials» in the State Contemporary History Archives of Perm Region. The most useful documents are examination testimonies of Perm NKVD officers. These sources correlate with a great number of evidences of the victims of political repressions. Available sources permit revealing both the motives and methods of falsification work of Perm NKVD officers. The subject of inquiry is an illegal activity of executors who were NKVD officers of mean and lower rank. Using mass falsification allowed them to construct fabulous plots which were supposedly hatched by “public enemies”. Those NKVD officers, together with their leaders, became co-organizers of Great Terror. The analysis of the sources permits stating that daily work of NKVD officers in the years of Great Terror was not in conducting inquiries but in providing mass falsifications based on forgery, violence, etc.
For the first time in the national historical science a comprehensive analysis of modern Japanese historiography problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan was made, which is extremely important in terms of understanding the ways and results of development of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The book highlighted the direction of the Japanese historiography of territorial demarcation, given their characteristics and evaluation; the author carries out a comparative analysis of approaches to the assessment of Japanese historians documented legal aspects of Soviet-Japanese territorial demarcation. This exact book will be of practical and scientific interest for a wide range of political scientists, orientalists, historians, students and general public.
The Internet of Things is being actively introduced in Russian public governance for inspection and oversight. In this chapter, based on an analysis of IoT policy, legal acts, secondary statistical data, and the authors’ own involvement in testing IoT technologies, we formulate cases and use them as a basis for an IoT classification oriented to the needs of government agencies. The spheres of application we consider are transport, justice, retail, and manufacturing. The case we study in greatest detail is that of the fur industry. We apply the method of cost–benefit analysis and examine the costs of using IoT in public governance to regulate the turnover of fur goods as well as the benefits for key stakeholders (government, society, business). We identify barriers that prevent IoT technology from being used effectively and describe the effects of implementing IoT in the fur industry and other areas in which IoT is used for inspection and oversight.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.