Young Adults: Marriage, Partnership, and Parenthood. Discursive Prescriptions and Practices in Contemporary Russia. Summary
The article analyzes norms of spousal and parental behavior represented in Russian family law and contrasts them with the meanings young people invest in partnership, matrimony, and parenthood. Federal legislation and interviews with young middle-class residents of Saint Petersburg serve to explore similarities and differences between official discourse and young people's everyday views of their obligations and freedoms. The article discusses the applicability of the concept of a second demographic transition to gender relations in Russia. The subjects of the Russian demographic shift are young adults who, official discourse notwithstanding, base their reproductive decisions on professional, social, and economic status rather than age.
Russia’s declining birth rate is linked to a delay in a family’s decision to have children and to uncertainty about the place of children in a couple’s relationship. Despite the rise of individualism and the importance of career and self-realization, however, the family retains a very important place in Russian society.
The Guide has been written for everyone working or training to work in the legal profession. It provides basic knowledge of legal words and terms. The various exercises throughout the Guide focus on the key legal vocabulary that must be known by law learners.
This article demonstrates the influence of individual’s values on family values, educational values and family behavior. We conceptualize individual’s values as materialist and post-materialist values according theory of modernization by Ronald Inglehart. This analysis is based on result of 5 wave of World Values Survey. For analysis of cross-countries differences of family values and family behavior we used the regime of welfare. We divided the countries on four groups: countries with liberal regime of welfare, countries with conservative regime of welfare, countries with social-democratic regime of welfare and post-communist countries. During analysis we investigated the differences in family values of parents between four groups of countries. The results of research show that process of modernization, which is accompanied by changes in individual’s values leads to changes in family values and family behavior. These changes are characterized by variety of family forms and bringing up children emancipatory values. Regimes of welfare have strong association with family values and family behavior.
The author shows that demographic transition is an organic part of civilization developments. Such phenomen as death rate and birth rate, changes in character of migration are connected with stages of development of a civilization.
The chapter examines the long-term and newest trends in formation and termination of marriages in Russia in light of the 2010 Population Census. The author's analysis is based on the official Rosstat vital statistics data, sample surveys data, including three waves of the "Parents and children, men and women in family and society/Russian generations and Gender Survey" (2004, 2007, 2011.), as well as numerous author's calculations based on these data.
The twenty-seven volume of the series "International Migration of Population: Russia and Contemporary World" is a collection of papers submitted to the Session 06-03 "The effects of migration on areas of destination" of the XXVII IUSSP International Population Conference *26031 August 2013, South Korea, Busan). The session deals with major international migration trends, increasing role of international migration in the demographic development of receiving countries.
The authors are responsible for the reliability of data and other materials used. The series is both of scientific and educational character and can be accordingly used in teaching process.
Today's world is crowded with international laws and institutions that govern the global economy. This post-World War II accumulation of hard multilateral and soft plurilateral institutions by no means constitutes a comprehensive, coherent and effective system of global economic governance. As intensifying globalization thrusts many longstanding domestic issues onto the international stage, there is a growing need to create at the global level the more comprehensive, coherent and effective governance system that citizens have long taken for granted at home.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.
The article examines the main trends in the study of the Stalinist period and the phenomenon of Stalinism in connection with the mass opening of the archives.