Атрибуция некоторых текстов И.И.Дмитриева, В.А.Жуковского, П.А.Вяземского и М.Т.Каченовского в «Вестнике Европы» 1800-1810-х гг.
The article shows that the all but common assumption that the collection was edited by Vassili Joukovski is wrong, and gives the name of the true editor — Count Nikolai Kugushev.
The book analyzes in detail the "Messenger of Europe", which was in the 1800s-early 1810s the largest and most influential periodical in Russia, in which many later canonical forms of journalism were established for the first time. The magazine's position reflected the worldview of the raznochintsy-enlighteners, which explains the magazine's constant polemics with the most significant and influential figures of contemporary Russian literature, that had a distinctly elitist character. The magazine reveals the origins of the aesthetic tradition, which was partly perceived later by leftist literary critics. The work also contains a number of factual clarifications (attributions, demonstration of some new documents).
This paper is aimed at exploring the origins and mechanisms which have contributed to the creation of Ivan Dmitriev’s autobiographic “double identity” – as a Russian “classic” poet and as a high ranking state official. His biography is reconstructed in light of his literary and bureaucratic achievements (Dmitriev was one of the famous and acknowledged poets at the beginning of 19th century and also built a successful career as a civil servant becoming the Russian Minister of justice in 1810). A crucial point in his biography occured when his two identities came into clash, in the course of his controversy with Mikhail Kachenovskii, critic and editor of an influential literary review, the “Vestnik Evropy”. This paper analyses also Dmitriev’s defensive strategies against the attacks of literary critics who combined his two different identities, which seemed to him to be mutually exclusive. An explanation of his attitude can be found in the social conventions that regulated the Russian noblemen’s norms of behavior of the time.
A vast amount of documents in the Web have duplicates, which is a challenge for developing efficient methods that would compute clusters of similar documents. In this paper we use an approach based on computing (closed) sets of attributes having large support (large extent) as clusters of similar documents. The method is tested in a series of computer experiments on large public collections of web documents and compared to other established methods and software, such as biclustering, on same datasets. Practical efficiency of different algorithms for computing frequent closed sets of attributes is compared.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.