Исторический анализ формирования системы исследовательских грантов во Франции
The article is devoted to the analysis of the notions “social institute” and “creativity” in relations to the journalism activities. The authors make a conclusion that the mechanism of development of the social institute “journalism” is connected with the individual creative works of professionals.
The paper reviews the problem of Russian regions inequality and the mechanisms for its solving. To use only the minimum level of fiscal capacity as the main calculated indicator of the intergovernmental transfers is not effective. In the article there are suggestions for improving the system of intergovernmental relations and the perspectives to use the Investment Fund for smoothing regional disparities.
This paper proposes a method of allocation of grant funds within the scientific and academic groups. We consider the allocation process automation through the use of Internet technologies. The study was conducted on the basis of scientific and educational group «Theoretical Foundations of energy efficient wireless sensor networks», National Research University «Higher School of Economics».
The article describes the evolution of the accounting knowledge from the simple registration technique to economic and social institution, in medieval Italy. It is shown that the institutionalization of accounting was completed to the XIV century, when it became a system of codified technical standards, scholar discipline and professional field. Examined the interrelations of this process with a business environment, political, social, economic and cultural factors of Italy by the XII-XVI centuries.
Social entrepreneurship is a type of entrepreneurial activity focused on solving problems that have traditionally been the "area of responsibility" of the government. The study systematizes the mechanisms and institutions that stimulate the development of social entrepreneurship in Russia, as well as the restrictions that prevent social business from occupying its niche in the country's economy.
Books Item - study of the reaction of the academic sosobschestva the First World War events
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.