Социальное управление в контексте постпостмодернизма
Тhe article analyzes specifics of social control as "influence", turning to the "subjectness" of social actors under control. Consideration is given to the specifics that should be accounted for in social control with connection to the postmodernist trend.
The monograph presents results by professor Dr. A. Shalumov’s Research School of Modeling, Information Technology and Automated Systems (Russia). The program, ASONIKA, developed by the school is reviewed here regarding reliability and quality of devices for simulation of electronics and chips during harmonic and random vibration, single and multiple impacts, linear acceleration and acoustic noise, and steady-state and transient thermal effects. Calculations are done for thermal stress during changes in temperature and power in time. Calculations are done for number of cycles to fatigue failure under mechanical loads as well as under cyclic thermal effects. Simulation results for reliability analysis are taken into account. Models, software interface, and simulation examples are presented.
For engineers and scientists involved in design automation of electronics.
Managers in five nations rated scenarios exemplifying indigenous forms of informal influence whose cultural origins were concealed. Locally generated scenarios illustrated episodes of guanxi, wasta, jeitinho, svyazi and pulling strings. Local scenarios were judged representative of local influence processes but so too were some scenarios derived from other contexts. Furthermore, many scenarios were rated as more typical in non-local contexts. While these influence processes are found to be widely disseminated, they occur more frequently in contexts characterized by high self-enhancement values, low self-transcendence values and high endorsement of business corruptibility. Implications for a fuller understanding of local business practices are discussed.
Specific features of social complexity are under consideration in the article. It is shown that trends of social development are formed as a result of self-organization out of intentional or unintentional actions of individuals. The understanding of possibility of setting of trends, stimulation of innovation development, and construction of desirable and favorable future is of great significance in the modern world.
In this paper we present an application of the model of Intellectual Capital to the world of the very rich and millionaires. It Is, we believe an important research topic, because in the last decade inequality grew, and Intellectual Capital became the most important economic asset. But no empirical studies exist to link the two phenomena. We applied our model to a set of football coaches, football being an industry that produces outlying incomes. We estimated the relation between a set of intellectual capital characteristics of those coaches and their incomes. We found that indeed, IC explains almost two thirds (63%) of the evolution of the very big salaries of those very rich people. Even if those results are interesting, and give an indication of the influence of IC in the success of rich people, they are only limited to a small sample of persons. Anyway, from our research we may infer that IC (social capital, human capital, and structural capital) plays a major role in defining the wealth of the top earners in the world. From this we may conclude that a policy of inequality reduction should take into account that intangible assets are at the base of those persons wealth. The study is original, because at least for our knowledge, It is the first in which the relation between IC and the wealth of millionaires has been tested. We hope to enlarge the study in the future in order to include the phenomenon of billionaires, as well.
The present paper targets at the analysis of indirect and direct speech as main techniques of intertextual representation in English media discourse and subjects to conscious scrutiny the relationship between quotation sources and the way it is introduced in the text, considering reporting verbs and authors’ intentions while resorting to intertextuality. The article dwells on the comparative analysis of intertextuality representation in two newspaper articles on the natural disaster Hurricane Sandy in the USA and effects authors achieve when using this technique.
Any promo message includes a pragmatic component (goods-related discourse) and a social-cultural component (social-cultural discourse). Within the scope of direct advertising social-cultural discourse often becomes a latent source of social conflict. For instance, in the whole of Russia only 9% of population earn incomes above the “middle-class threshold”, while federal TV channels constantly broadcast barely affordable goods and lifestyles onto this low-income audience. This creates an urgent social need in diversification of promo campaigns’ content, methods and promotion techniques, which would also allow for an integrating effect. Content of such communications may be built on post-post-modern basis that is currently displacing disintegration and eclectics of post-modernism. This basis includes virtualization, techno-images, glocalization, neo-conservative axiology. The greatest challenge in this list for Russia appears to be associated with development of a glocal style of promo messaging and communications as a whole.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.