Количественные методы оценки корпоративной культуры
In this article, the correlation and interaction of organisational and corporate culture are discussed within the framework of a socio-cultural approach regarding the management of employees within developer organisations. The phenomenon of corporate culture is analysed in the context of the system of values and the directives conditioning the attitude of the personnel to the values of the company. The authors analyses the phenomenon of escaping corporate culture as one of the effects of value pressure on the employees. This value pressure comes from organisations introducing the personnel to a rigid system of value-rich requirements.
"Organization culture" is characterized by polysemanticity in contemporary managerial theory and practice. Development of its definitions indicates evaluation of the analyzed concept from static to dynamic, reflecting the high level of susceptibility of external influences despite the fact that most definitions of "organization culture" are focused on the internal environment of the enterprise.
The paper explores the factors which may cause conflicts in the state structures and bodies. The research reveals an interaction between the elements of corporate culture and the level of conflict. The article gives wide range of examples of the conflict resolutions in various governmental agencies and recommends the way to prevent the conflicts.
This article examines the role of corporate culture in the innovative activity of organization. The role of corporate culture consists in influence on the intellectual capital of an organization. The authors analyze the characteristics of categories such as intellectual property, intellectual capital and corporate culture. Intellectual property is considered in terms of the Civil Code. Intellectual capital is investigated within the framework of three-component structure, which specifies the place and role of intellectual property and of corporate culture. The authors substantiates the idea management of intellectual capital, in particular, management of cost of intellectual capital. Corporate culture is one of the levers of influence on the value of intellectual capital. The authors conducted a study and found a methods of estimating of the intellectual capital, which allows to take into account the effect on the cost of most of its elements. Universal method is building system of indicators. On the example the common card of Balanced Scorecard of D. Norton and R. Kaplan formulated the concept of management intellectual capital. Thus, the authors found a method that allows you to embed management of corporate culture and of intellectual capital into the overall system management of the organization.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.