Особенности национальных систем обязательной сертификации в период становления системы Технического регулирования в России и едином Таможенном союзе ЕврАзЭС
The article examines the main features of obligatory certification national systems in the transitional period of national technical regulations enactment in Russia and Customs Union of Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC).
Business Case is a part of the specialised Master Program and aimed to developing the key competencies of the discipline "Enterprise Information System".
Business Case describes process of the development Technical Reqirement for the developing and implementation ERP-system for the biggest wholesale/retail company.
The article deals with basic specific institutional features of professional training in coordinated and liberal economies. The author thinks that the specifics of labor market institutes have become one of the basic factors that shape models of professional training. One of the principle directions of evaluation of these models is checking whether they are up to challenges of the modern economy. The mechanisms of providing of education services in various countries is primarily determined by the choice of funding sources, the ratio between general and specialized knowledge, and specifics of the knowledge certification systems.
This paper is devoted to a currently active area of scholars' research - integrated quality management systems (IQMS). Despite the high prevalence of IQMS in the US and European economies, until recently, in Russian organizations, separate management systems for each particular area were considered to be the norm: ecology, quality management of products, health and safety of personnel, etc. The reasons for the low prevalence of IQMS in small organizations in Russia are observed. We discuss such major factors as, for instance, the lack of a unified model for the formation and implementation of an IQMS at the enterprise. The methods for calculating the costs of practical implementation of IQMS, depending on the resource and organizational requirements for improving the efficiency, are not standardized. Specific measures are proposed in order to encourage the development and penetration of IQMS in Russian organizations. Attention is paid to the development of remote outsourcing organizations that build integrated quality management systems for contracting firms and allow achieving economic efficiency through economies of scale, including through the virtual integration of several small and medium-sized enterprises. The issues of developing unified schemes for the implementation of IQMS for different types of organizations, depending on the industry and other specifics, were discussed.
The author deals with the issues related to existence of non$state juridical education, noting its potential, and in some point its superiority over state juridical education. Introduction of non$state juridical education in the author’s opinion, may take place only in case of active participation of the state which can render certain assistance and support. The author answers the questions which evidence against non$state juridical education, presenting counterarguments which defend it. The author also writes that non$state higher juridical education must receive the state recognition and gives a list of measures aimed at gaining such recognition by non$state juridical institutions of higher education.
The article is devoted to evaluation of normative definition of production and consumption wastes and to the particular qualities of transfer of ownership. Thus the author proposes to consider as wastes any things that have been rejected by the owner. Up to the article a tool by which «a waste» can be turned into «a product is required. With this tool a number of difficulties in human activity can be removed. There are some variances that appear when an owner of wastes that are kept in a landfill has no access to his wastes but up to our legislation is liable for the possible harm. There are proposed some ways to adjust differences.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.