Сравнительный анализ факторов студенческого протестного движения в России на рубеже XIX-XX и в начале XXI века
The study of the student protest movement in the late XIX century played a prominent role in the First Russian Revolution and the Russian Socialist Revolution and of the modern student protest movement. The author focused on the factors of protest behavior proposed by the author. He followed the conflictological paradigm. And he conducted the study by "soft" (intent-) analysis of relevant texts.
The author completed the following tasks:
1. To express the contemporaries’ views on the student protest movement in the Russian Empire in the late XIX – early XX centuries.
2. To review briefly the most recent episode of the modern Russian student protest movement – OD-Group activity.
3. To present the theoretical framework for the analysis of the student protest movement of the both periods.
4. To compare factors of student protest movement in each of these periods.
The article is devoted to the influence of Giambattista Vico on Edward Said. It claims, first, that Vico inspired Said to engage in the intellectual-political project of Postcolonial Studies, and second, that Saidian reading of Vico is the most sophisticated, detailed and fresh left interpretation of the great Neapolitan philosopher in the twentieth century.
In article a process of working over up-to-date Russian edition of Marxian "Capital" (3 volumes) in interaction with international project MEGA (Marx-Engels Gesamtausgabe) is described and analyzed. The content of historic-economic materials and documents including in these volumes as appendices is reflected. An accent is made on translated articles of L. von Bortkiewicz, M. Bouniatian, T. Avdalbegian, F. Quesnay, W. Leontieff, which are for the first time published in these volumes.
The M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s view on the national factor role of economic development is considered in the article. His relevant works on political economy and the unknown article on anti-Semitism are analyzed. His public activities and memoirs are considered. The contrast between nationalistic ideas and Tugan-Baranovsky’s ethical principles based on Kantianism is shown. The distinctions between his theoretical position on the national aspects of economics and positions of K. Marx, F. Engels, V. Sombart and P.B. Struve are shown. The author came to conclusion, that M.I. Tugan-Baranovsky’s social views do not include nationalistic elements.
In the article the author looks into the theoretical prospects of socialist utopia rebirth as the so called horizon line that is impossible to cross, but easy to see as if it were reachable. The author shows that post-Fordism capitalizing and alienating nonmaterial labor has become a real problem for the radical negation in the framework of neo-Marxist utopia since under such conditions any social alternative is in danger of becoming a part of the capitalist reality. Such disciplinary power of the modern capitalist logic generates rejection of the political action as it is rather than a protest. In this situation radical Marxist utopia comes down to the affective negation that cannot become a subject to reflection. Its creators and proponents do not want to find themselves in the capitalist present, aspiring in their expectations into the future that will not grow out of the modern capitalism and will never be capitalism in principle.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.