The author's view on the historical significance of two events of 1961 - the flight of Yuri Gagarin and the testing of a hydrogen bomb - is described in the article.
The paper touches upon some of the problems experiences by postgraduate programmes at Russian universities with regards to teaching EFL. It attempts to highlight some of the solutions proposed by researchers of higher education, some of whom advocate for multi-dimensional solutions plan.
The article presents the analysis of the international cooperation institutional management developments when universities’ geographical location is closed to the worlds’ new educational hubs. To promote educational services provided by the regionally engaged universities at the international (global, world) market of higher education institutional mission and main features of regional development should be carefully considered. Based on the comparative analysis of factors, needs and developments potential of the Primorskij kraj and demand for educational services in countries of the Asian Pacific Region the paper stresses the ability of Primorije regional universities to address existing demand on educational services in most popular fields of study in order to expand their influence on regional market of higher education. However the limited human resources and market underpin more targeted and field oriented approach for those regional universities focused on Asian Pacific Region international market of higher education and in-depth internationalization development at institutional level.
The article the way of conscience training is discussed. The operational definition of conscience is offered to consider it as a mental state of an individual. This state is coming to ones experience by estimating oneself behavior in opposition to moral values which have being accepted as meaningful. It is proposed that to develop the way of conscience training is to take into account the factors which determine the conscience development and techniques which are the part of Greco-Roman system of moral rising generation education. By summering the principles of religious and secular educations of spiritually the rules that should lead to success of conscience training as well as development all moral qualities the regularities were formulated
The higher education system in Russia is being in the process of reformation last years. This fact caused changes in a position of University teachers in educational process and in the society. That is why building of positive image of university teacher is becoming quite necessary. Positive image of university teacher is one of the factors of rising the prestige and quality of higher education.
The role of higher education in shifting the economy to an innovative development path is considered. It is shown that innovations in the sphere of material production and in other sectors of the economy are carried out at low rates, and the higher school of Russia makes a very modest contribution to their implementation. The reasons for the current situation are analyzed, among which are insuffi cient funding for universities, deregulation of the labor market, curtailing scientifi c research. The ways of mobilization of the innovative potential of higher education are proposed, among them are the updating of the content of education and the strengthening of the relationship of universities with science and production through the development of targeted training. The management issues of higher education and science are touched upon.
The article raises the problem of the engineering education quality in Russia and China. For this, we consider systems of evaluation and monitoring both in Russia and internationally. The article also provides an overview of the international comparative study of engineering education quality, which will be attended by Russian universities (ISHEL – International Study for Higher Education Learning).
In the article we explore the phenomenon of out-of-classroom academic cheating, which is understood as fraudulent actions of students performing tasks out of the direct teacher’s control. Examples of such actions are unauthorized assistance or preparing student’s homework or part of it by another person. Such types of cheating are especially difficult to detect, especially for online testing. The article suggests an indicator that can confirm the presence of this directly unobservable phenomenon, namely, a combination of two signs: an increased average score for this work combined with a low correlation of scores for this work with assessments in other disciplines. We analyzed several educational programs, which simultaneously used two types of tasks, in-class and out-of-class (including online tests). Students of all examined programs and for all types of out-of-class activities recorded an increased average score and a lower correlation with other scores, compared with in-class activities. Although found in all cases, the phenomenon was expressed stronger or weaker in different cases. Possible causes of this difference and following recommendations for minimizing the cheating are discussed in the final part of the paper.
A conceptual model of human understanding of the surrounding world is considered. The role of personal meaning in understanding is revealed. Two aspects of understanding are discussed: the subject's understanding of the world around him and his assimilation of knowledge obtained from external sources. A conceptual model for understanding the content of education is presented. It is shown that in the process of mastering the content of school education, two global forces that determine the development of understanding collide and interact: the loss of personal meaning and its transition to meaning and the formation of an individual, subjective picture of the world, the emerging personality.
The substantiation of the conceptual model of human understanding of the surrounding world is presented. The role of personal meaning in understanding is shown. The organization of behavior based on biological motivation is considered. New concepts of "signal understanding" and "quasi-understanding"are introduced. Based on them, the transition to conscious understanding is analyzed.