Уложенные комиссии в России в 1720-е - начале 1750-х гг. К постановке проблемы
The paper focuses on the legislative commissions appointed in Russia between the 1720s and early 1750s. Traditionally considered ineffective, these institutions have been recognized as unable to compose a new law code for a range of reasons (judicial, technical, procedural, etc.). Analysis of the commissions’ documents (minutes, projects, staff attestations, etc.) allows one to assert that in the first half of the eighteenth century, their chancelleries functioned as permanent institutions. They operated as a Senate department that accumulated legislative texts and systematized current legislation, drafted new laws, provided legal support for a range of topics that were raised and discussed at a high level. In this context, Imperial Russia’s legislative commissions were an integral part of the lawmaking process, which was not viewed as a total and indivisible prerogative of the monarch. From the point of view of the authorities, the procedure for adopting a new code had to include a stage of consideration and approbation through appeal to social and professional representation, for which the Legal Code of 1649 served as model.