Совершенствование системы приема заказов оптовой компании как фактор снижения затрат
In the article experience of retail networks development in Russia is structured, stages of retail networks development in Russia are considered, and also general assumptions about trends are offered.
Article is devoted to burning issues of functioning of the retail alcohol market in Russia. The comparative-historical analysis of features of a legal regulation of retail trade in alcohol in the Russian state of the period of XVI – the beginnings of the XX century and in modern Russia is given. Attempt to designate dynamics of system of restrictive measures in retail realization of alcohol products in Russia from XVI to the XIX centuries is made. Historical analogies of the legal means used by the state for legal regulation of the Russian alcohol market at different historical stages are revealed. Groups of a legal ban of territorial, temporary, age, quantitative and price character are allocated. Emphases are placed on modern problems in forming of alcoholic policy in the Russian state and ways of their decision offered by history.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.