Особенности участия малых предприятий в международной научно-технической кооперации: опыт российско-германских контактов
These proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 9th European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation jECIE 2014), hosted this year by University of Ulster Business School and the School of Social Enterprises Ireland, Belfast, UK, on the 18-19 September 2014. The Conference Co-Chairs are Dr Brendan Galbraith, Dr Sandra Moffett, University of Ulster, Belfast, UK, Professor Ken O'Neill and Professor Jackie McCoy, School of Social Enterprises Ireland.
ECIE continues to develop and evolve. Now in its 9th year the key aim remains the opportunity for participants to share ideas and meet the people who hold them. The scope of papers will ensure an interesting two days. The subjects covered illustrate the wide range of topics that fall into this important and growing area of research. The theme of this year's conference is Societal-driven Innovation and Entrepreneurship' and we are pleased with the range of research that has been submitted this year on the topic.
The opening keynote presentation is given by Micheal Pyner, Social Entrepreneur and Creative Advisor and will address the topic of "Innovating for Community Good". This is followed by Dr Stephen E. Cross, Executive Vice President of Research, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA - who will speak on the topic of "The influence of social courage on innovation ecosystems" and Fr Myles Kavanagh CP, Flax Trust, Northern Ireland, UK will give a talk entitled "A blast from the past". Our final keynote will be delivered by Mr. Roberto Santoro (Italy) President of the European Society of Concurrent Engineering Network (ESoCE Net) on the topic of "People Olympics for Healthy and Active Living: A People Driven Social Innovation Platform".
in addition to the main themes of the conference there are a number of specialist mini tracks on topics including Innovation and strategy, Entrepreneurship education in action, The theory and practice of collaboration in entrepreneurship and Challenges for entrepreneurship and innovation n the 21st Century.
With an initial submission of 178 abstracts, after the double blind, peer review process there are 56 Academic Research papers, 1 Master Research paper 2 Non Academic papers, 13 PhD Research papers and 1 work-in-progress paper published in these Conference Proceedings. These papers represent research from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mex- co, Northern Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, UK, USA.
Dr Brendan Galbraith
University of Ulster Business School, Belfast, UK September 2014
Many efforts have been done in developing the national innovation system (NIS) concept. However, there are the limitations, which do not allow to make it operable and effective in practice. This investigation attempts to eliminate some limitations of the approach. The NIS is presented as three interrelated macro blocs: business environment, environment producing new knowledge and knowledge transfer mechanism. The principles of performance and effi-ciency measuring of NIS are proposed. The system structure-object and functional approaches to NIS performance and efficiency are applied. The former is used for decomposition of NIS objects of high aggregation level. The latter is available for analysis of NIS efficiency and its factors. The methods allow to estimate the NIS component by component and identify the cause-effect chains of factors impacts on its elements. The key policy tools tailored to liqui-date and mitigate market failure and NIS dysfunctions are proposed. Keywords: innovation activity, structure-object decomposition, functional analysis, effi-ciency, factors, innovation policy, stages of development
The collective monograph includes practical and theoretical materials on the questions of innovation activity in the system of education.
The authors of this paper present the results of their studies of genesis of the notion «innovation» and adjacent terms in regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, since 1998.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.