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Regular version of the site

Article

Проблема формирования социальной базы местного самоуправления в России

Public Administration Issues. 2008. No. 1. P. 55-62.

Focus of sociology in studies of Russian local self-government is within bounds of different aspects of interpretation of «local self-government» concept. Author deals with the social aspect, when main issue is a subject of local self-government. Relevance of this theme is determined by that the solving of problems of institutionalization of public associations objectively appears as a factor of local self-government institute development. Elaboration of strategies for sustainable development of municipalities, taking into consideration regional particularity and on the basis of implementation of new management technologies, also is needed. Information base of this work is formed, at first, by the results of sociologic poll of heads of more then 3,000 municipalities of all types from 60 subjects of Russian Federation, conducted in 2007 under initiative of Russian National Congress of Municipalities with organizational support of regional councils of municipal entities. Preparation of study program, toolkit and analysis of obtained results were made by the author. Secondly, it is formed by the results of all-Russia representative poll of population conducted by State University Higher School of Economics (HSE) within framework of monitoring of civil society status in Russian Federation. Factors interfering with active involvement of population to the solving of problems of local life are investigated. Motives of involvement of population into social life as well as participation in events organized on the place of living are specified in the article. Quantitative assessments of social basis of local self-government and its qualitative evaluation are given. Places of activisation of population's involvement to the solving of local problems, enhancement of attention to population's opinion and its reckoning on managerial decision-making level in general hierarchy of opportunities for improvement of social and economic situation of the Russian municipalities are shown. Occurrences of different types of population's involvement into the local self-government, and also degree of population's influence on the solving of problems of local life were analyzed according to evaluation of municipality heads and population. It is shown that in conditions, when the problems of formation of social basis of local self-government hardly will become an object of governmental care and attention, it is absolutely naturally, that municipal authorities promote by themselves the public's involvement to the solving of local problems, and establish partner relations with public and other non-governmental non-profit organizations daily making its contribution into the social and economic development of municipalities and improvement of population's life quality. Thus, the assistance to formation of institutes of civil society on the territory of municipalities should become one of the tasks for local self-government. However discussion on civil society in scope of concrete municipalities allows considerable dose of indetermination for application of this concept, to eliminate which the author's introduction of concept «civil community» allows. Formation of civil communities is not the task for population «in general». According to HSE polls, only 7% of Russians feel their full responsibility for situation that happens in their city (village, settlement). However each fifth feels his full responsibility for situation that happens in his house and courtyard, and 28% of Russians feel their significant responsibility for that. It is the extra argument for development and realization of objective-oriented programs of public activity escalation in the Russian municipalities, in order to guide potential of self-organizing of population for help to local government authorities in the solving of local problems that in conditions of limited resources acquires special significance.