Правовые тексты: «ловушка» кореферентности отраслевой терминологии
This article aims at describing several challenges typical of legal texts remarkably complicated for perceiving and comprehending even within the legal profession. One of the challenges associated with legal texts comprehension appears to be an interdisciplinary phenomenon attributable to languages for special purposes at large - multiple alternative nomination which we name the terminological co-reference trap. Legalists, legal practitioners and legal translators when confronted with the said phenomenon in the English-Russian interaction have to fix non-routine communication gaps. Examples drawn from various legal branches allow for validating a few theoretical assumptions regarding the issues under analysis.
Legal Translation In The Law Terminology Coreference Perspective
The article revisits a sustainable phenomenon inherent in languages for special purposes (domain-specific sublanguages) – multiple nomination of concepts exemplified by the legalese and correlating with cognitive representations of domain-specific knowledge. This phenomenon profiles an obvious problem area in special translation theory. Synonymy is treated in line with Yu.D. Aprecian’s concept whereby lexical units are regarded as semantically related if and when they appear referentially identical, i.e. co-referential. Co-reference gives rise to complexities in perceiving and comprehending legal texts in English–Russian translation. An interdisciplinary paradigm is applied for singling out an earmarked direction within the modern Translation Studies – Domain-Specific Translatology. A new name to once customary ‘special translation theory’ draws translation researchers to focus on profound studying of professional translation/interpreting across domain-specific fields, i.e. expert communication area, with the view of analyzing problems aggravated by the terminological co-reference available both in the source-language and target-language as well.
The article reviews a possible correlation of perception patterns employed by translators of original English subject-specific texts and the subsequent text generation in line with syntactic conventions recognized in the target language. Syntactic adequacy of text structures generated in the target language is addressed, as well as related complexities. Relative syntactic acceptability of a translation product is considered resulting from the source-text's preserved word order linearity.
This volume investigates advances in the field of legal translation both from a theoretical and practical perspective, with professional and academic insights from leading experts in the field. Part I of the collection focuses on the exploration of legal translatability from a theoretical angle. Covering fundamental issues such as equivalence in legal translation, approaches to legal translation and the interaction between judicial interpretation and legal translation, the authors offer contributions from philosophical, rhetorical, terminological and lexicographical perspectives. Part II focuses on the analysis of legal translation from a practical perspective among different jurisdictions such as China, the EU and Japan, offering multiple and pluralistic viewpoints. This book presents a collection of studies in legal translation which not only provide the latest international research findings among academics and practitioners, but also furnish us with a new approach to, and new insights into, the phenomena and nature of legal translation and legal transfer. The collection provides an invaluable reference for researchers, practitioners, academics and students specialising in law and legal translation, philosophy, sociology, linguistics and semiotics.
The chapter features a theoretical viewpoint on an elusive notion of a ‘minimal unit of translation’ which is believed to underlie a technical mastery of translation in general and legal translation, in particular. Consequently, it is hoped to bear relevance to the core legal translation studies issues. However, no essential conceptualization has been undertaken to-date regarding a ‘unit of legal translation.’ This slows down the postulating of such crucial concepts for the legal translation theory and practice, as equivalence and semantic invariant, legal meaning nature and structure, practicable legal translation quality assessment criteria, and other vital issues. The legal translation theoretical framework may eventually benefit from the in-depth observations of several cases reviewed with a view to extrapolating them further on and using in larger legal translation data analysis. Some regularities of the English–Russian legal languages switch, describing respective techniques employed, are also elaborated on and discussed in detail.
This report addresses a number of translation problems which made themselves conspicuous in domain-specific communication. The quoted English–Russian translation examples are treated as translation precedents within the translation studies, psycholinguistics, and communication theory frameworks. Challenges related to dissimilar worldviews objectified in texts generated in the source-language and the target-language are analyzed; the discrepancy is gaining in momentum due to the expanding professional communication under the lingua franca status recently acquired by English.
Under the conditions of the dynamic development of international integration and an exchange of professional information, English was adopted as an operation language in international business and has become a tool of effective transmission of professional information. Manual LSP: English of Professional Communication is grounded on the result of scientific research in the field of stylistics. In the twenty-three chapters described are the features of each specific variant of English exposed in system: lexicon, grammar, syntactic structures and composition patterns. Each chapter gives a systematized review of specialist terminology and patterns of design: contract, business letter, power of attorney, minutes, etc. The book is furnished with a glossary and a list of references. The manual serves as a tutorial for all those who are engaged in linguistic research - students, postgraduate students and academics. Considered are not only the concrete steps of scientific research, but also the schemes and samples of description of the results of research such as a course work or a thesis.