Россия и Договор Энергетической хартии
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
The volume contains paperы for the research and methodological seminar on management, socio-economic and organizational issues, challenged today the internation business. The seminar unified the teachers of international educational programms of the ISEP SPbSUE and univesity researches from Russia, European Union member-states (Estonoa and France) and CIS (Armenia, Tajikistan).
The article focuses on the environmental and economic security of a State as the constituent elements of its national security protected by the principle of permanent sovereignty over natural resources. It also analyses interdependency of the two, exposing their practical interconnection in a way that a threat to environmental stability almost necessarily affects economic stability of a State. At the same time, a right to permanent sovereignty over natural resources is not absolute and should be exercised so as not to endanger environmental and economic security of others.
This article examines the relevant questions of the international legal regulation of economic relations within the modern mechanisms of the transnational economic cooperation, by means of the acts of “soft law”. Particularly, the author reviews the Strategy of development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) until 2025 as the most recent act of “soft law” of the international organization. The adoption of Strategy and its importance is substantiated by the dynamic development of SCO under the complicated geopolitical and geoeconomic realities. The article analyzes the positions of the Strategy pertaining to the economic component of the organization, as well as the structure of the document. For the first time the most recent and fundamental positions that stipulate the parameters of development, as well as peculiarities and flaws of this act from the perspective of opportunities of the legal regulation of economic activity within the space covered by SCO competence. The author defines the options of the possible regional economic integration into the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, considering the newest positions of the Strategy. Realization of the “Silk Road Economic Belt” project in the context of SCO is being researched. The author determines the key obstacles, as well as suggests recommendations for the joint collaboration of SCO with the project. The conclusion is made that the existing in SCO international legal regulation of the transnational cooperation in economic sphere, based on the Strategy and taking into account the proposed by the author recommendations, will allow to productively and competently develop the economic vector in SCO, as well as contribute into the intensification of the economic cooperation between the member-states of SCO and other states of the Eurasian Continent. The Strategy as the act of “soft law” represents the modern relevant document, which is the optimal tool for resolution of the tasks of joint development of the states with different interests and level of development of the economies.
Collection of articles on topical issues of international law and international economic law. Prepared in honor of the sixtieth anniversary of the leading specialist in the field of international economic law, Professor, Doctor of Law, Head of the Department of International Law of the Russian Foreign Trade Academy - Vladimir Mikhailovich Shumilov.
Relations of public entities concerning sustainable use and protection of natural resources are regulated by international environmental law. But after natural resources gain their value and move from one’s state economy to the economies of other states, they become an object of international economic law regulation. Thus, for example, fixing up carbon dioxide emissions quotas is a matter of international environmental law. At the same time international trade relations concerning these quotas are regulated by international economic law (international trade law, in particular). The concept of sustainable development should be the basic element of interaction of international environmental law and international economic law. The concept of sustainable development is a ground not only for environmental international treaties, but also for economic international treaties. Thus according to the Preamble of the Marrakesh Agreement establishing WTO, economic development is determined by “allowing for the optimal use of the world’s resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development, seeking both to protect and preserve the environment”. Further on we may see specification of that statement in other multilateral WTO agreements and in practice of the WTO Dispute Settlement Body. On the other hand, about 20 multilateral environmental agreements stipulate restrictions in the sphere of international economic relations. For instance, Convention on biological diversity of 1992 settle non-tariff measures of international trade aimed at protection of biodiversity. Thus, multilateral environmental agreements and multilateral economic agreements often regulate the same international relations between the same subjects