The paper investigates regional differences in life expectancy at birth of women and men. We assume that gender gap in life expectancy is related to economic conditions in a region and the tendency to unhealthy lifestyles, particularly to alcohol consumption. We include into analysis mortality from external causes and mortality from respiratory diseases, since they are associated with alcohol abuse and smoking. Data source is the Federal State Statistics Service of Russia. Panel data analysis of 1990-2014 shows significant positive effect of alcohol consumption on the gender gap in life expectancy. Results confirm the importance of maintaining restrictive anti-alcohol measures in the country.
The article is dedicated to ownerless road as a complex management, legal and economic problem. Current judicial and administrative practice traces only the local cases of ownerlessness, but it seems to be widescale, significant and systematic phenomenon. The analysis is based on scientific literature and legislation review, statistics and local mass media investigation. Illegitimate roads and its scale do not correlate with administrative-territorial, geographic or regional economic factors. Ownerlessness was triggered by long-term existence of demotivating system of road financing, by complexity of procedures and unresolved land relations in Russia.
The paper discuses challenges for antismoking policy in Russia, paying special attention to youth smoking problems. We present data on tobacco consumption and factors favoring individual decision to smoke. We justify government intervention by giving theoretical and empirical evidence for externalities, produced by passive smoking, information asymmetry and addiction effects. We use RLMS data and Students survey results to discuss the need and attitude towards such measures as tobacco tax increase, restrictions on smoking in public places, total ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship etc.
Russia’s joining the WTO limits the government in its direct supports to the agriculture. However, it is clear that our agrarians will unlikely survive without a serious support. Russia will have to build a new model of support which incorporates the WTO’s permissive rules. Recovery of expenses to the agrarians who operate on the lands qualified as unfavorable to agriculture should become one of the major support tools in the nearest future. The paper describes the debates on the issues of qualification of lands as those unfavorable to agriculture and sizes of compensations held between the Russian Ministry of Agriculture and experts.
The article is devoted to the justification of the need to lower prices for motor fuel in the domestic market in Russia in comparison with world prices. This allows us to lower the share of expenditure on transport and energy in product costs in Russia to the European level.