Перспективы развития порталов государственных услуг в контексте административной реформы в РФ
This study is devoted to the analysis of the multifunctional centers providing state and municipal services in Russia, the establishment of which is the main focus of the administrative reform. The development of multifunctional centers will be considered as a policy adopted with the aim of improving the quality of public services in the framework of modernization policy.
The paper presents the historical aspect of the development of administrative justice in Russia. A wide historical period is studied beginning with the pre-revolutionary period and ending on the present stage. Besides, the paper analyzes historical and legal documents on the issues under consideration to generalize. The author points out that Russia has a rich experience of the institute of administrative justice. The history of the development of domestic legislation administrative proceedings and administrative justice can help in reforming the modern legislation in this area as the mistakes of the past must not be forgotten and repeated in the future. The paper emphasizes that the current administrative procedural legislation provides for two procedures of reviewing decisions on administrative offences: prejudicial and judicial. At that, the choice of a specific grievance procedure of a decision on a case on administrative offence is provided to a person brought to justice on administrative case (delinquent). The history of administrative justice clearly shows the fact: until now no even generalizing view to the nature of the institution of administrative justice has existed. No definitions are shaped for fundamental concepts of administrative process, administrative and jurisdiction case, administrative dispute, administrative justice, administrative legal proceedings etc. the same may be said on the subject matter, content and scope. The main objective of administrative justice in any country including Russia is creating an opportunity to establish relations between the subject without authority and public power on a clear, expedient and legal basis. The development and improvement of administrative justice is an important guarantee of rights for the subject without authority, a significant step as to implementing administrative reform in Russia. It should be noted that the ideas on establishing the system of administrative justice which would promote to the implementation of the RF constitution provision on the operative access to justice but will free courts from irrelevant functions, which is justified and topical in the contemporary legal setting
The article is about actual issues of administrative and judicial reforms, a number of important for understanding of the issue terms (legal process, the administrative process, administrative and procedural activities, administrative justice, administrative jurisdiction, administrative court proceedings, etc.) are revealed, various problems of administrative cases in the courts, and in pre-trial (court) order are considered. The new procedural act (the Code of Administrative Court Procedure) is also analyzed. A lot of attention is also paid to the issue of pre-trial damages.
In this article, topical issues of administrative and judicial reform are considered, various problems of administrative cases are examined both in courts and in extrajudicial (extrajudicial) order. The new Code of Administrative Judicial Proceedings of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as CAS RF) is being analyzed. Much attention is also paid to the problem of pre-judicial compensation of damages.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.