Женский круг общения и досуг в первой трети XVIII века по судебно-следственным документам
An attempt is made to reconstruct the female social circle and ways of spending leisure time in the 1700s–1730s. The fact that the reforms of Peter the Great transformed the everyday life of the noblewomen and gave them access to previously inaccessible forms of leisure activities has received sufficient coverage in historiography. But the impact of the reforms on the lives of peasant and urban women is still little studied. The purpose of the study is to find out how ties were built in society in the era of Peter’s reforms, how, on the one hand, representatives of different social groups interacted with each other, and on the other hand, how relations between the sexes developed. The analysis of forensic documents was used. This type of source is not obvious for the study of this topic, however, by focusing on situations and practices mentioned by the participants in the proceedings, but not directly related to conflict situations, the researcher is able to restore some details of everyday life. It was possible to raise questions about the impact of Peter the Great’s reforms on social ties and types of entertainment for women of the lower classes, about clashes with neighbors and scolding as specifically women’s types of violence, about the possibilities of forensic documents as sources for studying everyday life. The conclusion is made about the significant impact of housing and recruiting duties on building social ties and spending leisure time by women from the “grassroots”, as well as previously unknown archival sources are put into circulation.